4,930 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Interferon lambda 4 impacts the genetic diversity of hepatitis C virus

    M Azim Ansari et al.
    Interferon lambda 4, a protein part of the innate immune response, drives major amino acids selection in patients chronically infected with hepatitis C virus.
    1. Cell Biology

    Mechanism and preclinical prevention of increased breast cancer risk caused by pregnancy

    Svasti Haricharan et al.
    The transcription factor STAT5 mediates the increased breast cancer risk associated with a late age pregnancy, but intermittent anti-STAT5 treatment can lower this risk and thus prevent breast cancer.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Metazoan evolution of glutamate receptors reveals unreported phylogenetic groups and divergent lineage-specific events

    David Ramos-Vicente et al.
    The animal phylogeny of glutamate receptors indicates that vertebrate types do not account for all receptor classes originated during evolution, neither are they the pinnacle of a linear evolutive process.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Estrogen receptor coregulator binding modulators (ERXs) effectively target estrogen receptor positive human breast cancers

    Ganesh V Raj et al.
    A novel first-in-class small molecule (ERX-11) that interacts with and disrupts the interactome of the estrogen receptor (ER), blocks the growth of ER-positive breast cancers, including those that are resistant to currently approved hormonal agents.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Horizontal transfer of whole mitochondria restores tumorigenic potential in mitochondrial DNA-deficient cancer cells

    Lan-Feng Dong et al.
    A genetic approach documents that mitochondrial DNA moves from donor cells to recipient mtDNA-depleted cells in whole mitochondria and that this restores mitochondrial respiration and the capacity of the cells to form tumours.
    1. Cell Biology

    Magnetic resonance measurements of cellular and sub-cellular membrane structures in live and fixed neural tissue

    Nathan H Williamson et al.
    Low-field single-sided magnetic resonance diffusion methods detect and measure permeability of sub-micron compartments which likely include cell processes, organelles, and cellular vesicles within ex vivo mouse spinal cords.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    Thioredoxin shapes the C. elegans sensory response to Pseudomonas produced nitric oxide

    Yingsong Hao et al.
    C. elegans utilizes bacterially produced nitric oxide as a sensory cue to elicit avoidance of pathogenic bacteria.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A Fyn biosensor reveals pulsatile, spatially localized kinase activity and signaling crosstalk in live mammalian cells

    Ananya Mukherjee et al.
    Unique biosensor design and protein-engineering enables direct visualization of the active form of Fyn kinase with high specificity, minimal perturbation and shows cellular signaling to be compartmentalized and pulsatile.
    1. Neuroscience

    SIR-2.1 integrates metabolic homeostasis with the reproductive neuromuscular excitability in early aging male Caenorhabditis elegans

    Xiaoyan Guo, L René García
    A protein called SIR-2.1 helps to protect worms from the effects of aging by regulating metabolic processes that would otherwise generate damaging reactive oxygen species.
    1. Neuroscience

    Non-linear developmental trajectory of electrical phenotype in rat substantia nigra pars compacta dopaminergic neurons

    Martial A Dufour et al.
    The development of the electrical phenotype of neurons can be precisely quantified and dissected using a combination of multi-variate statistical analyses and a systematic electrophysiological characterization of electrical properties.

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