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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Previously undetected super-spreading of Mycobacterium tuberculosis revealed by deep sequencing

    Robyn S Lee et al.
    Incorporating within-host diversity in transmission, as identified by deep sequencing, can significantly change previously-held inferences, with major implications for genomic studies of transmission in tuberculosis and other pathogens as well.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Systematic substrate identification indicates a central role for the metalloprotease ADAM10 in axon targeting and synapse function

    Peer-Hendrik Kuhn et al.
    The metalloprotease ADAM10 modulates axon and synapse function by cleaving numerous synaptic and axonal membrane proteins in the central nervous system.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Maturation of Purkinje cell firing properties relies on neurogenesis of excitatory neurons

    Meike E van der Heijden et al.
    Intersectional genetics show that excitatory neurons are essential for the functional and anatomical maturation of cerebellar circuits in mice.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Mechanism of environmentally driven conformational changes that modulate H-NS DNA-bridging activity

    Ramon A van der Valk et al.
    The DNA-bridging efficiency of H-NS, a genome organising and transcription regulatory protein, is modulated by changes in environmental conditions of the cell, which drive a structural rearrangement of the protein.
    1. Neuroscience

    DeepFly3D, a deep learning-based approach for 3D limb and appendage tracking in tethered, adult Drosophila

    Semih Günel et al.
    DeepFly3D, a deep learning-based software, measures limb and appendage movements in tethered, behaving Drosophila and enables precise behavioral measurements during neural recordings, stimulation, and other biological experiments.
    1. Neuroscience

    Purkinje cell misfiring generates high-amplitude action tremors that are corrected by cerebellar deep brain stimulation

    Amanda M Brown et al.
    Genetic, pharmacologic, and optogenetic manipulations demonstrate that Purkinje cells can trigger and propagate the signals for tremor.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Research Culture: Co-reviewing and ghostwriting by early-career researchers in the peer review of manuscripts

    Gary S McDowell et al.
    Early career researchers commonly peer review manuscripts on behalf of invited reviewers, often without receiving feedback or being named to the journal.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Bi-channel image registration and deep-learning segmentation (BIRDS) for efficient, versatile 3D mapping of mouse brain

    Xuechun Wang et al.
    A dual-channel image registration pipeline combined with deep-learning inference achieves accurate-and-flexible registration/segmentation/mapping of mouse brain.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    3DeeCellTracker, a deep learning-based pipeline for segmenting and tracking cells in 3D time lapse images

    Chentao Wen et al.
    A deep learning-based pipeline was developed for extracting cellular signals flexibly from moving cells in 3D time lapse images, and it outperformed previous methods under different imaging conditions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Towards deep learning with segregated dendrites

    Jordan Guerguiev et al.
    A multi-compartment spiking neural network model demonstrates that biologically feasible deep learning can be achieved if sensory inputs and higher-order feedback are received by different dendritic compartments.