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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) paralog dose governs T cell effector and regulatory functions

    Alejandro Villarino et al.
    Asymmetrical expression dictates functional dominance of one STAT5 paralog at cellular and tissue levels despite redundancy at molecular and genomic levels.
    1. Medicine

    Ankyrin-G mediates targeting of both Na+ and KATP channels to the rat cardiac intercalated disc

    Hua-Qian Yang et al.
    The functional interaction of Na+ and KATP channels at the intercalated disk of cardiomyocytes depends on Ankyrin G and is clinically relevant since KATP channel mutations affect Na+ channel expression.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Muscle-derived Myoglianin regulates Drosophila imaginal disc growth

    Ambuj Upadhyay et al.
    A Drosophila myostatin-like factor provides an extrinsic signal produced by muscles that regulates Drosophila appendage development.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Dpp from the anterior stripe of cells is crucial for the growth of the Drosophila wing disc

    Shinya Matsuda, Markus Affolter
    A recent report proposing that the dpp stripe (the main source of the protein dpp) is dispensable for Drosophila wing disc growth missed the critical role on growth due to imprecise spatial removal of dpp.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Chromosome-wide mechanisms to decouple gene expression from gene dose during sex-chromosome evolution

    Bayly S Wheeler et al.
    A chromosome-wide mechanism balances X-linked gene expression between the sexes in C. elegans, but no similar chromosome-wide mechanism balances gene expression between X chromosomes and autosomes.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cell-derived cranial and spinal motor neurons reveal proteostatic differences between ALS resistant and sensitive motor neurons

    Disi An et al.
    Stem cell-derived motor neurons with differential ALS vulnerability identified proteasome activity as a possible mechanism that explains their differential sensitivity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Integrating prediction errors at two time scales permits rapid recalibration of speech sound categories

    Itsaso Olasagasti, Anne-Lise Giraud
    Keeping flexible adaptable representations of speech categories at different time scales allows the brain to maintain stable perception in the face of varying speech sound characteristics.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The diversity and function of sourdough starter microbiomes

    Elizabeth A Landis et al.
    In the most comprehensive survey of sourdough starter biodiversity, this work identifies processes that control the diversity and function of sourdough microbiomes at a continental scale.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    A statistical framework for assessing pharmacological responses and biomarkers using uncertainty estimates

    Dennis Wang et al.
    Quantification of uncertainty in drug dose-responses provides a more robust metric for differentiating drugs and identifying biomarkers of response.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Modelling primaquine-induced haemolysis in G6PD deficiency

    James Watson et al.
    In silico modelling of all available data shows that a twenty-day ascending-dose primaquine regimen could be safe to administer to G6PD deficient patients for the radical cure of vivax malaria.