190 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Reactive oxygen species regulate activity-dependent neuronal plasticity in Drosophila

    Matthew CW Oswald et al.
    Reactive oxygen species, previously considered damaging agents linked to pathology, are required for normal neuronal plasticity, including adjustment of synaptic terminal size, maintenance of synaptic physiology and adaptive behavioural responses.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    An adipokine feedback regulating diurnal food intake rhythms in mice

    Anthony H Tsang et al.
    Adiponectin signaling integrates metabolic state information to regulate circadian clock function in hypothalamic appetite regulating centers, food intake rhythms, and body weight.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Deep generative models for T cell receptor protein sequences

    Kristian Davidsen et al.
    Deep learning improves estimation of T cell receptor cohort frequencies and learns the rules of VDJ recombination, potentially making it helpful for vaccine design.
    1. Neuroscience

    Efficient and accurate extraction of in vivo calcium signals from microendoscopic video data

    Pengcheng Zhou et al.
    A new open-source computational toolbox for processing in vivo microendoscopic calcium imaging data performs signal demixing and denoising much more accurately than previously available methods, significantly improving the utility of this imaging modality.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurosecretory protein GL stimulates food intake, de novo lipogenesis, and onset of obesity

    Eiko Iwakoshi-Ukena et al.
    Neurosecretory protein GL, a previously unknown mammalian neuropeptide, is a novel hypothalamic factor which regulates feeding behavior and peripheral lipogenesis in animals.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Fundamental bound on the persistence and capacity of short-term memory stored as graded persistent activity

    Onur Ozan Koyluoglu et al.
    A fundamental lower-bound on memory recall precision, which declines with storage duration and number of stored items, is derived, and human performance is shown to be well-fit by this theoretical bound.
    1. Neuroscience

    A cortical disinhibitory circuit for enhancing adult plasticity

    Yu Fu et al.
    Building on previous work (Kaneko and Stryker, 2014), we report that the specific population of inhibitory neurons that increases the responses of neurons in the visual cortex during locomotion will also, when activated or blocked artificially, dramatically alter adult cortical plasticity, revealing that the aerobic exercise of locomotion is not necessary.

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