1,780 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The RFamide receptor DMSR-1 regulates stress-induced sleep in C. elegans

    Michael J Iannacone et al.
    During sickness, sleep is induced by neuropeptides, which contain an amidated arginine-phenylalanine motif, acting in a neuroendocrine fashion on a G-protein coupled receptor called DMSR-1.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Subcellular tracking reveals the location of dimethylsulfoniopropionate in microalgae and visualises its uptake by marine bacteria

    Jean-Baptiste Raina et al.
    The intracellular location of a key sulfur compound, dimethylsulfoniopropionate, was identified in microalgae and its subsequent uptake by marine bacteria was quantified using a combination of secondary-ion mass-spectrometry techniques.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reward prediction error does not explain movement selectivity in DMS-projecting dopamine neurons

    Rachel S Lee et al.
    Despite the fundamental relationship between movement and value, they are represented in a separable manner in dopamine neurons.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Enhanced ER proteostasis and temperature differentially impact the mutational tolerance of influenza hemagglutinin

    Angela M Phillips et al.
    Endoplasmic reticulum proteostasis factors enhance the mutational tolerance of influenza hemagglutinin, a model secretory pathway protein and therapeutic target, particularly improving the fitness of temperature-sensitive variants.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Operon mRNAs are organized into ORF-centric structures that predict translation efficiency

    David H Burkhardt et al.
    Operonic mRNAs in bacteria are comprised of ORF (open reading frame)-wide units of secondary structure, which are intrinsically distinct between adjacent ORFs and encode a rough blueprint for ORF-specific translation efficiency.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Cytoneme delivery of Sonic Hedgehog from ligand-producing cells requires Myosin 10 and a Dispatched-BOC/CDON co-receptor complex

    Eric T Hall et al.
    Sonic Hedgehog is transported inside cytonemes with co-receptors that promote contact-mediated signal delivery to initiate rapid, receptor-dependent responses in recipient cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor thalamus supports striatum-driven reinforcement

    Arnaud L Lalive et al.
    While the basal ganglia have long been thought to mediate learning through dopamine-dependent striatal plasticity, their regulation of motor thalamus plays an unexpected and critical role in reinforcement.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct recruitment of dorsomedial and dorsolateral striatum erodes with extended training

    Youna Vandaele et al.
    Dorsomedial and dorsolateral striatal neural activity differ during early learning of action sequences but do not change with performance improvement across sessions, and become similar after extended training.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Drosophila model of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis CLN4 reveals a hypermorphic gain of function mechanism

    Elliot Imler et al.
    Genetic analysis of a CLN4 Drosophila model suggests that the disease-causing alleles act as dominant gain of function mutations that cause CSPα oligomerization and impair secretory and prelysosomal trafficking.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    DNA methylation meta-analysis reveals cellular alterations in psychosis and markers of treatment-resistant schizophrenia

    Eilis Hannon et al.
    DNA methylation data can be harnessed to provide insights into molecular and phenotypic differences associated with the spectrum of psychosis diagnoses.

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