1,528 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Global DNA methylation remodeling during direct reprogramming of fibroblasts to neurons

    Chongyuan Luo et al.
    Induced neuronal cells acquire epigenomic signatures specific to matured neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gi/o protein-coupled receptors in dopamine neurons inhibit the sodium leak channel NALCN

    Fabian Philippart, Zayd M Khaliq
    The sodium leak NALCN channel functions as a core effector of GABA-B and D2 receptors that is used along with GIRK channels to regulate action potential firing in dopamine neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thermoregulation: How a brain keeps its cool

    Swathi Yadlapalli, Orie T Shafer
    Temperature-sensing neurons in the Drosophila brain cooperate with the central circadian clock to help regulate body temperature.
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    1. Neuroscience

    The role of PDF neurons in setting the preferred temperature before dawn in Drosophila

    Xin Tang et al.
    In Drosophila, key neurons controlling sleep play an important role in adjusting the temperature set-point before dawn via time-dependent neuronal plasticity within the clock circuits.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Small-molecule G-quadruplex stabilizers reveal a novel pathway of autophagy regulation in neurons

    Jose F Moruno-Manchon et al.
    G-quadruplex DNA regulates autophagy in neurons.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of nucleic-acid recognition and double-strand unwinding by the essential neuronal protein Pur-alpha

    Janine Weber et al.
    The crystal structure of Pur-alpha in complex with DNA reveals its molecular mechanisms of nucleic-acid binding and unwinding, allowing for a better understanding of its essential role in neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mutant huntingtin impairs PNKP and ATXN3, disrupting DNA repair and transcription

    Rui Gao et al.
    Polyglutamine expansion in mutant huntingtin disrupts a novel transcription-coupled DNA repair complex, providing an undescribed mechanism of neuronal toxicity and degeneration in Huntington's disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Genomic mosaicism with increased amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene copy number in single neurons from sporadic Alzheimer's disease brains

    Diane M Bushman et al.
    Somatically derived genomic mosaicism in the form of increased DNA content and APP copy number in single neurons plausibly has a function in sporadic Alzheimer’s disease and points to functions for single-neuron gene copy number changes.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Genome Organization: Painting chromosomes in the nucleus

    Cori K Cahoon, Diana E Libuda
    A multiplexed approach to DNA FISH experiments has been used to visualize the three-dimensional organization of chromosomes and specific chromosomal regions in C. elegans..
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