983 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Single-cell transcriptomics defines heterogeneity of epicardial cells and fibroblasts within the infarcted murine heart

    Julia Hesse et al.
    The transcriptional landscape of epicardial cells revealed 11 cell populations that differentially expressed early cardiac genes and numerous cardioprotective paracrine factors defining their regenerative potential.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    High-fidelity, efficient, and reversible labeling of endogenous proteins using CRISPR-based designer exon insertion

    Haining Zhong et al.
    A high-fidelity and efficient strategy to use CRISPR/Cas9 to reversibly insert large DNA fragments into somatic cells to label or modify endogenous proteins for research and, in the future, for gene therapy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Attenuated dopamine signaling after aversive learning is restored by ketamine to rescue escape actions

    Mingzheng Wu et al.
    Interconnected ventral tegmental area and medial prefrontal cortex circuits causally link dopamine dynamics, aversive learning, and the effects of a promising rapidly acting antidepressant ketamine.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Tetrahydroxanthohumol, a xanthohumol derivative, attenuates high-fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis by antagonizing PPARγ

    Yang Zhang et al.
    Identifying xanthohumol and its derivatives as PPARγ anatagonists provides new insight into how natural compounds beneficially treat obesity and metabolic syndrome, and provide new compounds for therapeutic development.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Repression by the Arabidopsis TOPLESS corepressor requires association with the core mediator complex

    Alexander R Leydon et al.
    The TPL corepressor binds to the core mediator complex through MED21 to inhibit transcription while simultaneously priming repressed genes for rapid reactivation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Canonical NF-κB signaling maintains corneal epithelial integrity and prevents corneal aging via retinoic acid

    Qian Yu et al.
    Corneal aging is regulated by the NF-κB-retinoic acid pathway and can be delayed by retinoic acid administration.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Short and long sleeping mutants reveal links between sleep and macroautophagy

    Joseph L Bedont et al.
    Unbiased and targeted genetic approaches reveal a link between sleep and autophagy that could be relevant for sleep function, and for understanding pathological consequences of chronic sleep loss.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A non-genetic, cell cycle-dependent mechanism of platinum resistance in lung adenocarcinoma

    Alvaro Gonzalez Rajal et al.
    Platinum chemotherapy resistance is a complex process involving multiple signalling pathways and a novel, non-genetic, cell cycle-dependent mechanism that promotes tumour regrowth and highlights potential complications for combination therapies in human lung adenocarcinoma.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    PHAROH lncRNA regulates Myc translation in hepatocellular carcinoma via sequestering TIAR

    Allen T Yu et al.
    PHAROH lncRNA is upregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma and functions by sequestering the translational suppressor TIAR via a 71 nucleotide hairpin to regulate c-MYC translation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal antimicrobial toxicity is neutralized by an intracellular pathogen

    Hannah Tabakh et al.
    The aldehyde 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal is a novel component of the host antimicrobial reactive oxygen burst, and the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes encodes genes specifically for its detoxification.

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