983 results found
  1. November 2015

    Episode 25: November 2015

    In this episode we hear about deep-sea bacteria, cigarette smoke and lung disease, antibiotic resistance, unconscious perception, and the benefits of sleep.
    1. Cell Biology

    Optimized Vivid-derived Magnets photodimerizers for subcellular optogenetics in mammalian cells

    Lorena Benedetti et al.
    eMags is an engineered photodimerizer pair for optogenetic modulation in mammalian cells that is especially suited for the manipulation of intracellular processes occurring in small volumes or subcellular organelles.
    1. Cell Biology

    Polo-like kinase acts as a molecular timer that safeguards the asymmetric fate of spindle microtubule-organizing centers

    Laura Matellán et al.
    Molecular and cell biology analyses reveal novel roles of Polo-like kinases in establishing non-random segregation patterns of spindle-associated microtubule-organizing centers during mitosis, a phenomenon linked with replicative cell aging.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    circZNF827 nucleates a transcription inhibitory complex to balance neuronal differentiation

    Anne Kruse Hollensen et al.
    A neuron-specific circular RNA keeps neuronal differentiation in check by lowering transcription rates from key neuronal marker genes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Microbiota functional activity biosensors for characterizing nutrient metabolism in vivo

    Darryl A Wesener et al.
    A method has been developed to characterize the expressed biochemical activities of gut microbial communities using retrievable, microscopic, fluorescent-labeled glass beads containing chemically bound surface biomolecules.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Controlling opioid receptor functional selectivity by targeting distinct subpockets of the orthosteric site

    Rajendra Uprety et al.
    The structure-based design established a new approach to control pathway-selective activation of opioid receptors, resulting in new dual MOR/KOR G-protein biased agonist analgesics with attenuated liabilities.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Co-movement of astral microtubules, organelles and F-actin by dynein and actomyosin forces in frog egg cytoplasm

    James F Pelletier et al.
    Live imaging of multiple cytoplasmic networks in frog egg extracts calls for new models for how egg cytoplasm is physically organized during cleavage divisions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Heterogeneous somatostatin-expressing neuron population in mouse ventral tegmental area

    Elina Nagaeva et al.
    The midbrain area for salience, reward and aversion in mouse brain harbours among the dopamine cells three subtypes somatostatin-expressing neurons that show combinatorial neurotransmitter phenotypes and interneuron properties.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Activation of a neural stem cell transcriptional program in parenchymal astrocytes

    Jens P Magnusson et al.
    Parenchymal astrocytes are quiescent neural stem cells whose neurogenic potential can be unleashed by targeted manipulations guided by single-cell RNA sequencing data.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Protein phosphatase 1 activity controls a balance between collective and single cell modes of migration

    Yujun Chen et al.
    Protein phosphatase 1 activity promotes cohesive collective cell migration by restricting actomyosin contractility to the periphery of the collective and maintaining proper cadherin–catenin complex protein levels at cell–cell junctions.

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