Experiments on E. coli show that multiple mechanisms contribute to extreme resistance to ionizing radiation in bacteria, with mutations to three genes for DNA repair having a prominent role in one evolved population.
Biochemical studies revealed novel property of human tumor suppressor PALB2, which significantly contribute into DNA repair in cells and can be targeted for the development of novel anticancer treatment.
Polyglutamine expansion in mutant huntingtin disrupts a novel transcription-coupled DNA repair complex, providing an undescribed mechanism of neuronal toxicity and degeneration in Huntington's disease.
MicroRNAs tightly control the cellular level of homologous recombination (HR) factors in the G1 phase, and failure of this control system results in an ectopic increase in HR proteins in G1 cells leading to impaired DNA repair.
Structural and biochemical analyses of BRCT domain interactions defines TOPBP1/Rad4 selectivity for phosphorylated motifs, allowing identification of new interactions, and providing insights into assembly of different TOPBP1-scaffolded DNA repair complexes.
A comprehensive catalogue of somatic mutations accumulating in MMR-deficient tumors highlights their relevance in the context of human genetic evolution, for the diagnosis of microsatellite instability and the provision of targeted treatment options.