3,631 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of Yin and Yang isoforms of a chromatin remodeling subunit precedes the creation of two genes

    Wen Xu et al.
    Gene sharing through different isoforms can precede the formation of independent genes.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A distinct cardiopharyngeal mesoderm genetic hierarchy establishes antero-posterior patterning of esophagus striated muscle

    Glenda Comai et al.
    Tbx1-Isl1-Met defines a unique genetic hierarchy that regulates esophagus myogenesis and patterning in the mouse.
    1. Neuroscience

    RIM-BP2 primes synaptic vesicles via recruitment of Munc13-1 at hippocampal mossy fiber synapses

    Marisa M Brockmann et al.
    The active zone scaffold protein RIM-BP2 performs distinct functions in vesicle release at two hippocampal synapses, providing insights on how synapses express diversity in release properties.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Electron cryo-microscopy of bacteriophage PR772 reveals the elusive vertex complex and the capsid architecture

    Hemanth KN Reddy et al.
    The structure and composition of the elusive vertex complex in Tectiviridae is finally revealed and the newly reported protein conformations help to maintain the capsid architecture.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Molecular function limits divergent protein evolution on planetary timescales

    Mariam M Konaté et al.
    Orthologous proteins that continuously maintain the same molecular function do not usually diverge beyond a certain level of sequence and structural similarity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Two mechanisms regulate directional cell growth in Arabidopsis lateral roots

    Charlotte Kirchhelle et al.
    In lateral roots, cells employ a novel pathway to cell edges to control directional growth, which acts independently of the leading paradigm of oriented deposition of cellulose microfibrils at faces.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Accelerated phosphatidylcholine turnover in macrophages promotes adipose tissue inflammation in obesity

    Kasparas Petkevicius et al.
    Obesity leads to increased phosphatidylcholine turnover in adipose tissue macrophages that makes them susceptible to saturated fatty acid-induced inflammation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Composition and structure of synaptic ectosomes exporting antigen receptor linked to functional CD40 ligand from helper T cells

    David G Saliba et al.
    TCR and CD40L microclusters are linked in synaptic ectosomes (extracellular vesicles) and released in the immunological synapse by helper T cells and induce dendritic cell maturation and cytokine production.
    1. Neuroscience

    Evolution of neuronal anatomy and circuitry in two highly divergent nematode species

    Ray L Hong et al.
    The substrate for evolutionary divergence does not lie in changes in neuronal cell number or targeting, but rather in sensory perception and synaptic partner choice within invariant, prepatterned neuronal processes.

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