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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The universally-conserved transcription factor RfaH is recruited to a hairpin structure of the non-template DNA strand

    Philipp K Zuber et al.
    Transcription factors can read out both the sequence and the structure of the non-template DNA strand in the transcription bubble, expanding the repertoire of mechanisms to control transcription.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural dynamics of E. coli single-stranded DNA binding protein reveal DNA wrapping and unwrapping pathways

    Sukrit Suksombat et al.
    Single-molecule force and fluorescence spectroscopy reveal the structural states and dynamics of E. coli single-stranded DNA binding proteins and the energy landscape of the nucleo–protein complex.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of a bacterial RNA polymerase holoenzyme open promoter complex

    Brian Bae et al.
    The crystal structure of bacterial RNA polymerase bound to the transcription bubble reveals key features that support the formation of a double-strand/single-strand DNA junction at the upstream edge of the −10 element where bubble formation initiates.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural mechanism of ATP-independent transcription initiation by RNA polymerase I

    Yan Han et al.
    Structures of RNA polymerase I transcription machinery revealed a ratcheting motion within the complex in coordination with three distinct functional states, implicating a novel mechanism for promoter bubble opening in the absence of ATP hydrolysis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Casposase structure and the mechanistic link between DNA transposition and spacer acquisition by CRISPR-Cas

    Alison B Hickman et al.
    The tetrameric structure of a casposase bound to DNA and its biochemical properties show how a transposase could have evolved to perform CRISPR-Cas spacer acquisition.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The cryo-EM structure of a 12-subunit variant of RNA polymerase I reveals dissociation of the A49-A34.5 heterodimer and rearrangement of subunit A12.2

    Lucas Tafur et al.
    Cryo-EM structures of RNA polymerase I reveal considerable 'transformers-like' rearrangements where one subcomplex dissociates and is replaced by one domain of another subunit, possibly as an additional layer of transcriptional control.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Structural snapshots of Xer recombination reveal activation by synaptic complex remodeling and DNA bending

    Aleksandra Bebel et al.
    DNA-bound crystal structures of an essential Xer site-specific recombinase from the bacterium Helicobacter pylori reveal how large conformational changes initiate the untangling of chromosomes upon cell division.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    cryo-EM structures of the E. coli replicative DNA polymerase reveal its dynamic interactions with the DNA sliding clamp, exonuclease and τ

    Rafael Fernandez-Leiro et al.
    Structures of the replicative DNA polymerase Pol IIIα, the DNA sliding clamp, the proofreading exonuclease, and the processivity switch Tau (τ) suggest a mechanism for quick release during lagging strand synthesis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for DNA 5´-end resection by RecJ

    Kaiying Cheng et al.
    A structural investigation reveals details of the mechanism by which the nuclease RecJ processes DNA ends to repair double strand breaks.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Crystal structures of DNA polymerase I capture novel intermediates in the DNA synthesis pathway

    Nicholas Chim et al.
    Insight into the mechanism of DNA synthesis is provided by the crystal structures of DNA polymerase intermediates.