265 results found
    1. Cancer Biology

    PTEN and DNA-PK determine sensitivity and recovery in response to WEE1 inhibition in human breast cancer

    Andrä Brunner et al.
    DNA-PK and PTEN protect breast cancer cells from lethal replication stress induced by the WEE1 inhibitor AZD1775 and constitute new potential biomarkers for AZD1775 sensitivity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    DNA-PK is a DNA sensor for IRF-3-dependent innate immunity

    Brian J Ferguson et al.
    Experiments in mice have shown than an enzyme that repairs broken DNA inside the nucleus also has a central role in the innate immune system because it is able to detect foreign DNA outside the nucleus.
    1. Cell Biology

    Apolipoprotein L-1 renal risk variants form active channels at the plasma membrane driving cytotoxicity

    Joseph A Giovinazzo et al.
    Cytotoxicity associated with APOL1 renal-risk variants occurs through its plasma-membrane localization, where aberrant channel activity drives a sustained sodium and calcium influx leading to cell swelling and eventually cell death.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Mutations associated with human neural tube defects display disrupted planar cell polarity in Drosophila

    Ashley C Humphries et al.
    Human neural tube closure defects associated mutations in planar cell polarity (PCP) genes are causative of the disease, as revealed in the intricate Drosophila PCP model.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    The sheddase ADAM10 is a potent modulator of prion disease

    Hermann C Altmeppen et al.
    A lack of ADAM10-mediated shedding increases prion protein levels at the plasma membrane and promotes the generation of pathological prion proteins, which accelerates prion disease in mice.
    1. Cell Biology

    SIRT6 is a DNA double-strand break sensor

    Lior Onn et al.
    Hundreds of proteins are involved in the DNA damage response but only three sensors for DSB were known but now SIRT6 is identified as a fourth DSB sensor.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of substrate-bound SMG1-8-9 kinase complex reveals molecular basis for phosphorylation specificity

    Lukas M Langer et al.
    First structural view of a substrate-bound PIKK (PI3K-related-kinase) by cryo-EM explains phosphorylation specificity toward a short amino-acid motif shared across the PIKK family and rationalizes PIKK auto-inhibition by regulatory domain.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis exploits host ATM kinase for survival advantage through SecA2 secretome

    Savita Lochab et al.
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), effectors secreted through SecA2 pathway cause double strand breaks (DSBs) in the host DNA, which in turn activates ATM kinase to gain survival advantages, through Akt.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Kasugamycin potentiates rifampicin and limits emergence of resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis by specifically decreasing mycobacterial mistranslation

    Swarnava Chaudhuri et al.
    Kasugamycin potentiates rifampicin killing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by targeting adaptive mistranslation.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Chemical modulation of transcriptionally enriched signaling pathways to optimize the conversion of fibroblasts into neurons

    Joseph Herdy et al.
    An unbiased RNAseq based strategy to identify targetable pathways and a streamlined lentiviral system provide a state of the art advance on direct fibroblast to neuron conversion.

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