1,907 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    A synthetic planar cell polarity system reveals localized feedback on Fat4-Ds1 complexes

    Olga Loza et al.
    Localized feedback on Fa4-Ds1 boundary complexes underlies polarized distribution of Fat4 and Ds1 and gives rise to planar cell polarity.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A calcium transport mechanism for atrial fibrillation in Tbx5-mutant mice

    Wenli Dai et al.
    TBX5-loss associated cardiomyocyte ectopy and atrial fibrillation is prevented by augmentation of SERCA2 activity, establishing a mechanism underlying the genetic basis for a Ca2+-dependent pathway for AF risk.
    1. Cancer Biology

    IGF2 mRNA binding protein-2 is a tumor promoter that drives cancer proliferation through its client mRNAs IGF2 and HMGA1

    Ning Dai et al.
    The IGF2 mRNA binding protein-2/IMP2, overexpressed in many common cancers, drives cancer cell proliferation by increasing the abundance of IGF2 and the oncogene HMGA1, which controls a network of effectors that enhance IGF2 action.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    H3K4 mono- and di-methyltransferase MLL4 is required for enhancer activation during cell differentiation

    Ji-Eun Lee et al.
    MLL4 (KMT2D) is a major mammalian H3K4 mono- and di-methyltransferase that is essential for enhancer activation, cell-type-specific gene expression, and cell differentiation.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    TGF-β reduces DNA ds-break repair mechanisms to heighten genetic diversity and adaptability of CD44+/CD24− cancer cells

    Debjani Pal et al.
    Phenotypic diversity and cell state transition (i.e., acquisition of a CD44+/CD24- cell state or exposure to TGF-beta) can spur intra-tumor genetic heterogeneity and contribute to acquired resistance.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Many si/shRNAs can kill cancer cells by targeting multiple survival genes through an off-target mechanism

    William Putzbach et al.
    Loading of CD95 and CD95L-derived sequences into the RNA-induced silencing complex elicits a distinct form of RNAi-mediated cell death of cancer cells that results from the targeting of multiple survival genes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Proteasome dysfunction triggers activation of SKN-1A/Nrf1 by the aspartic protease DDI-1

    Nicolas J Lehrbach, Gary Ruvkun
    Post-translational processing of the SKN-1A/Nrf1 transcription factor regulates proteasome expression.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Molecular mechanism of voltage-dependent potentiation of KCNH potassium channels

    Gucan Dai, William N Zagotta
    A powerful new fluorescence approach elucidates the structural mechanism for a specialized ion channel behavior important for cardiac and neuronal excitability.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Protein Dynamics: Proteins acting out of (dis)order

    David Eliezer
    A disordered region at the N-terminus of the glucocorticoid receptor can fine tune how cells respond to a hormone via an allosteric mechanism.
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    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Non-invasive imaging of CSF-mediated brain clearance pathways via assessment of perivascular fluid movement with diffusion tensor MRI

    Ian F Harrison et al.
    The first non-invasive technique to assess the action of brain clearance mechanisms, driven by the perivascular inflow of cerebrospinal fluid, has been developed using magnetic resonance imaging.

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