11,590 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The fail-safe mechanism of post-transcriptional silencing of unspliced HAC1 mRNA

    Rachael Di Santo et al.
    The unspliced HAC1 mRNA does not give rise to detectable protein in budding yeast, despite its cytoplasmic localization, due to a two-part post-transcriptional silencing mechanism.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Robust, coherent, and synchronized circadian clock-controlled oscillations along Anabaena filaments

    Rinat Arbel-Goren et al.
    Noisy circadian clocks in Anabaena, coupled by cell-cell communication, display high spatio-temporal coherence and can be robustly described by incorporating demographic noise in a theoretical model of coupled clock arrays.
    1. Neuroscience

    Punishment insensitivity in humans is due to failures in instrumental contingency learning

    Philip Jean-Richard-dit-Bressel et al.
    Punishment insensitive individuals are not more impulsive or anxious, they dislike aversive outcomes and predictors of these outcomes, but are simply less likely to learn their control over them.
    1. Medicine

    Miniaturized 3D bone marrow tissue model to assess response to Thrombopoietin-receptor agonists in patients

    Christian A Di Buduo et al.
    A 3D bone marrow niche that reproduces megakaryocyte differentiation and ex vivo platelet production from hematopoietic progenitors and iPSCs of thrombocytopenic patients predicts individual response to Eltrombopag accurately.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    H3K4 mono- and di-methyltransferase MLL4 is required for enhancer activation during cell differentiation

    Ji-Eun Lee et al.
    MLL4 (KMT2D) is a major mammalian H3K4 mono- and di-methyltransferase that is essential for enhancer activation, cell-type-specific gene expression, and cell differentiation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Intraneural stimulation elicits discrimination of textural features by artificial fingertip in intact and amputee humans

    Calogero Maria Oddo et al.
    Delivering specific patterns of electrical activity to the median nerve of the arm triggers reliable sensations of texture, suggesting that it may ultimately be possible to restore complex tactile information to users of prosthetic limbs.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Curcumin promotes AApoAII amyloidosis and peroxisome proliferation in mice by activating the PPARα signaling pathway

    Jian Dai et al.
    Curcumin regulates gene expression via PPARa activation and exhibits biological activities involved in amyloidosis, peroxisome proliferation, lipid metabolism, and hepatocyte hypertrophy.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    c-di-GMP heterogeneity is generated by the chemotaxis machinery to regulate flagellar motility

    Bridget R Kulasekara et al.
    Real time measurements of c-di-GMP in individual cells reveal an unexpected mechanism by which the chemotaxis machinery controls c-di-GMP heterogeneity, thereby regulating flagellar-based motility.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Molecular mechanism of voltage-dependent potentiation of KCNH potassium channels

    Gucan Dai, William N Zagotta
    A powerful new fluorescence approach elucidates the structural mechanism for a specialized ion channel behavior important for cardiac and neuronal excitability.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Acetylation of histone H3 at lysine 64 regulates nucleosome dynamics and facilitates transcription

    Vincenzo Di Cerbo et al.
    The acetylation of histones at specific sites close to DNA can regulate transcription.

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