107 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Membranes, energetics, and evolution across the prokaryote-eukaryote divide

    Michael Lynch, Georgi K Marinov
    The common view that the mitochondrion endowed eukaryotes with a boost in bioenergetic capacity above that in prokaryotes is inconsistent with a diversity of cellular features.
    1. Neuroscience

    Formation of retinal direction-selective circuitry initiated by starburst amacrine cell homotypic contact

    Thomas A Ray et al.
    Selective synapse formation in a retinal motion-sensitive circuit is orchestrated by starburst amacrine cells, which use homotypic interactions to initiate formation of a dendritic scaffold that recruits projections from circuit partners.
    1. Ecology

    Genetic transformation of the dinoflagellate chloroplast

    Isabel C Nimmo et al.
    Successful stable transformation of the dinoflagellate chloroplast genome.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    The ribosomal protein Asc1/RACK1 is required for efficient translation of short mRNAs

    Mary K Thompson et al.
    Asc1/RACK1 promotes the translation of mRNAs associated with the translational closed loop complex, which have short open reading frames and encode proteins required for core metabolic processes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    SnRK1-triggered switch of bZIP63 dimerization mediates the low-energy response in plants

    Andrea Mair et al.
    The transcription factor bZIP63 is a key regulator of the starvation response in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana and is directly targeted by the kinase SnRK1.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Neural population dynamics in human motor cortex during movements in people with ALS

    Chethan Pandarinath et al.
    Neural ensemble activity in the human motor cortex contains dynamical structure that is independent of movement parameters and is not well-explained by current models.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Cellular interpretation of the long-range gradient of Four-jointed activity in the Drosophila wing

    Rosalind Hale et al.
    Opposing gradients of Fat and Dachsous phosphorylation are sufficient to explain the observed pattern of Fat-Dachsous planar polarisation across the Drosophila wing.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    LRP1 integrates murine macrophage cholesterol homeostasis and inflammatory responses in atherosclerosis

    Xunde Xian et al.
    Tyrosine phosphorylation of the intracellular domain of LRP1 serves as a molecular switch to regulate cellular cholesterol homeostasis through nuclear hormone receptor-mediated regulation of the cellular cholesterol exporter ABCA1.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    eIF1A residues implicated in cancer stabilize translation preinitiation complexes and favor suboptimal initiation sites in yeast

    Pilar Martin-Marcos et al.
    Substitutions in general translation initiation factor eIF1A found as recurring somatic mutations in uveal melanoma destabilize the closed conformation of the preinitiation complex at the start codon and increase discrimination against suboptimal initiation codons genome-wide.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Cdc48/p97 promotes degradation of aberrant nascent polypeptides bound to the ribosome

    Rati Verma et al.
    The enzyme that collaborates with ubiquitin ligases to promote the release of defective polypeptides from stalled ribosomes in a process named ribosome-associated degradations has been identified as the ATPase Cdc48.

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