137 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tumor initiating cells induce Cxcr4-mediated infiltration of pro-tumoral macrophages into the brain

    Kelda Chia et al.
    Pre-neoplastic cells in the brain release SDF1, which mediates an immediate infiltration of macrophages that differentiate into microglia-like cells and promote proliferation of pre-neoplastic cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rapid short-term reorganization in the language network

    Gesa Hartwigsen et al.
    The beneficial contribution of a language network for a specific function depends on the level of functional disruption and may reflect the differential compensatory potential of distinct language networks.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The evolutionary origin of bilaterian smooth and striated myocytes

    Thibaut Brunet et al.
    Molecular profiling of annelid myocytes reveals that the last common protostome-deuterostome ancestor already possessed a dual musculature, with visceral smooth muscles ensuring digestion and somatic striated muscles ensuring locomotion.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Evaluating mesenchymal stem cell therapy for sepsis with preclinical meta-analyses prior to initiating a first-in-human trial

    Manoj M Lalu et al.
    A rigorous and transparent evaluation of mesenchymal stem cell therapy for sepsis suggests it may be efficacious, although the strength of these findings is tempered by threats to validity in the studies that were included.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Cardiac neural crest contributes to cardiomyocytes in amniotes and heart regeneration in zebrafish

    Weiyi Tang et al.
    Lineage analysis reveals that cardiac neural crest contributes to cardiomyocytes across vertebrates and consistent with this, the neural crest gene regulatory program is reactivated upon heart regeneration in zebrafish.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Computational 3D histological phenotyping of whole zebrafish by X-ray histotomography

    Yifu Ding et al.
    X-ray histotomography produces the first 3-dimensional images with the combined submicron resolution, centimeter fields-of-view, soft-tissue contrast, and potential throughput to enable quantitative, histopathological and centimeter-scale phenotyping for whole-organism phenomics.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hypocretin neuron-specific transcriptome profiling identifies the sleep modulator Kcnh4a

    Laura Yelin-Bekerman et al.
    Comprehensive gene profiling of the hypothalamic hypocretin neurons, high resolution imaging and behavioral assays have revealed the molecular signature of these versatile neurons and identified a potassium channel that is required for nighttime sleep.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Eye morphogenesis driven by epithelial flow into the optic cup facilitated by modulation of bone morphogenetic protein

    Stephan Heermann et al.
    The lens-averted domains of the optic vesicle are reservoirs of neuroretinal cells that flow into the developing optic cup in a process that is critically influenced by BMP signaling.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Enzyme activity and selectivity filter stability of ancient TRPM2 channels were simultaneously lost in early vertebrates

    Iordan Iordanov et al.
    Invertebrate TRPM2 channels have stable pores but act as chanzymes that hydrolyze their activating ligand ADP ribose (ADPR), whereas vertebrate TRPM2 channels are catalytically dead but undergo pore inactivation.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Neural stem cells induce the formation of their physical niche during organogenesis

    Ali Seleit et al.
    A physical niche for neural stem cells is generated by the induction of the immediate skin epithelium, a process triggered by the arrival of neural precursors during sensory organ formation in medaka.

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