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    1. Developmental Biology

    Folded gastrulation and T48 drive the evolution of coordinated mesoderm internalization in flies

    Silvia Urbansky et al.
    Functional recapitulation of a likely evolutionary gain in gene expression shows that two genes are sufficient to switch mesoderm cell internalization from stochastic cell ingression to coordinated epithelial invagination.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Predominance of cis-regulatory changes in parallel expression divergence of sticklebacks

    Jukka-Pekka Verta, Felicity C Jones
    Cis-regulation such as enhancers and promoters plays a major role in parallel gene expression divergence and has features that make it a well-poised substrate for adaptive evolution.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Mutationally-activated PI3’-kinase-α promotes de-differentiation of lung tumors initiated by the BRAFV600E oncoprotein kinase

    J Edward van Veen et al.
    Two of the most commonly mutated growth factor pathways induce a deadly feature of lung adenocarcinoma.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Discovery of methylfarnesoate as the annelid brain hormone reveals an ancient role of sesquiterpenoids in reproduction

    Sven Schenk et al.
    A small brain-derived lipid prevents bristle worms from entering maturation and death, challenging current views of hormone evolution and pesticide specificity.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of insect olfactory receptors

    Christine Missbach et al.
    Insect specific olfactory receptors are not an adaptation to a terrestrial insect lifestyle, but evolved later in insect evolution.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    ketu mutant mice uncover an essential meiotic function for the ancient RNA helicase YTHDC2

    Devanshi Jain et al.
    The mouse gene Ythdc2 exemplifies an evolutionarily ancient family of crucial regulators of the transition from germline stem cell divisions to meiosis.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The genome of an intranuclear parasite, Paramicrosporidium saccamoebae, reveals alternative adaptations to obligate intracellular parasitism

    C Alisha Quandt et al.
    Parasitic lineages of Rozellomycota are shaped by repeated and independent gene losses.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A new family of cell surface located purine transporters in Microsporidia and related fungal endoparasites

    Peter Major et al.
    Transporters shared by fungal intracellular parasites provide new insights into the evolution of nucleotide and energy parasitism.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Hemimetabolous insects elucidate the origin of sexual development via alternative splicing

    Judith Wexler et al.
    Sexual differentiation controlled by sex-specific mRNA splicing evolved in a step-wise manner in insects.
    1. Neuroscience

    The roles of vision and antennal mechanoreception in hawkmoth flight control

    Ajinkya Dahake et al.
    Mechanosensors in the antennae of hawkmoths provide rapid sensory feedback for the control of fast flight manoeuvres, which acts in parallel to visual information.