1,098 results found
  1. November 2016

    Episode 33: November 2016

    In this episode we hear about the first heartbeat, African sleeping sickness, elephant genetics, the rubber hand illusion and women in science.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Polycomb enables primitive endoderm lineage priming in embryonic stem cells

    Robert S Illingworth et al.
    Polycomb enables lineage priming in mouse embryonic stem cells by establishing a barrier to commitment.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The genetic basis for ecological adaptation of the Atlantic herring revealed by genome sequencing

    Alvaro Martinez Barrio et al.
    Whole genome sequencing of 19 populations of Atlantic and Baltic herring reveals hundreds of individual loci underlying adaptation to a low salinity niche or timing of reproduction.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Development of a confinable gene drive system in the human disease vector Aedes aegypti

    Ming Li et al.
    Highly efficient and confinable split gene drives are a new tool for the control of the dengue mosquito vector.
    1. Neuroscience

    The effects of psychosocial stress on dopaminergic function and the acute stress response

    Michael AP Bloomfield et al.
    Imaging and laboratory-induced psychosocial stress showed that exposure to psychosocial adversity was associated with dampened striatal dopaminergic function alongside blunted physiological yet potentiated subjective responses to acute stress.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Intermolecular epistasis shaped the function and evolution of an ancient transcription factor and its DNA binding sites

    Dave W Anderson et al.
    Experimental mapping of the joint sequence space of an ancient transcription factor (TF) and its DNA binding sites reveals that epistasis across the molecular interface permitted the evolution of a new and specific TF-DNA complex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampal place cells construct reward related sequences through unexplored space

    H Freyja Ólafsdóttir et al.
    In anticipation of a reward, hippocampal place cells simulate desired journeys through areas that have been seen, but not explored.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    NOVA-dependent regulation of cryptic NMD exons controls synaptic protein levels after seizure

    Taesun Eom et al.
    The HITS-CLIP sequencing method is used to demonstrate that cryptic exons can detect messenger RNA that contains nonsense mutations, and then cause this RNA to decay, which shows that these exons are involved in maintaining the electrical balance of neurons and, possibly, preventing epilepsy.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Viral-induced alternative splicing of host genes promotes influenza replication

    Matthew G Thompson et al.
    Infection of human cells by influenza A virus induces changes in the alternative splicing of host genes that, in turn, promote viral replication.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Divergence in alternative polyadenylation contributes to gene regulatory differences between humans and chimpanzees

    Briana E Mittleman et al.
    A comparative analysis of human and chimpanzee polyadenylation site usage establishes alternative polyadenylation as another key mechanism underlying the genetic regulation of transcript and protein expression levels in primates.

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