502 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    One bout of neonatal inflammation impairs adult respiratory motor plasticity in male and female rats

    Austin D Hocker et al.
    A single neonatal inflammatory event induces long-term impairments in two forms of adult respiratory motor plasticity, an important aspect of the control of breathing for compensation after injury or disease.
    1. Cell Biology

    An ESCRT-LEM protein surveillance system is poised to directly monitor the nuclear envelope and nuclear transport system

    David J Thaller et al.
    ESCRT-driven mechanisms that sense and seal holes in the nuclear membranes directly monitor the nuclear transport system and the exposure of the inner nuclear membrane.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Intramolecular domain dynamics regulate synaptic MAGUK protein interactions

    Nils Rademacher et al.
    Binding of ligands to PSD-95 PDZ domains induces a conformational change within the C-terminal domain module that enables differential binding to synaptic interactors.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Werner syndrome helicase is a selective vulnerability of microsatellite instability-high tumor cells

    Simone Lieb et al.
    Targeting Werner syndrome helicase might constitute a novel opportunity for the treatment of a clinically defined subset of patients harboring MSI-H/MMR-deficient tumors.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Different genetic mechanisms mediate spontaneous versus UVR-induced malignant melanoma

    Blake Ferguson et al.
    Genetic variation determines whether or not UV exposure accelerates melanoma development.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The complete structure of the human TFIIH core complex

    Basil J Greber et al.
    The structure of human transcription factor IIH, a critical DNA repair and transcription initiation factor, has been determined by cryo-electron microscopy.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Nuclear genetic regulation of the human mitochondrial transcriptome

    Aminah T Ali et al.
    Common nuclear genetic variants are associated with fundamental biological processes occurring in human mitochondria and potentially point to novel roles for nuclear genes in transcriptional regulation of the mitochondrial genome.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Connexin-43-dependent ATP release mediates macrophage activation during sepsis

    Michel Dosch et al.
    Autocrine activation of macrophages is modulated by Connexin-43-mediated ATP release in response to TLR-4 and -2 agonists in a P2Y1-dependent manner, ultimately determining sepsis survival.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures and functional characterization of the murine lipid scramblase TMEM16F

    Carolina Alvadia et al.
    While activated by a common mechanism, both functions in TMEM16F - lipid scrambling and ion conduction - are likely mediated by alternate protein conformations that are at equilibrium in the ligand-bound state.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Genetic and environmental perturbations lead to regulatory decoherence

    Amanda Lea et al.
    Infection and metabolic syndrome lead to a loss of molecular regulation, and changes in molecular correlations are under genetic control as revealed by the presence of correlation quantitative trait loci.

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