1,127 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Subdued, a TMEM16 family Ca2+-activated Cl channel in Drosophila melanogaster with an unexpected role in host defense

    Xiu Ming Wong et al.
    A newly characterized calcium-activated chloride channel has been implicated in the immune system of Drosophila, shedding light on an enigmatic family of transmembrane proteins that are ubiquitous in nature.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Constitutive activation of cellular immunity underlies the evolution of resistance to infection in Drosophila

    Alexandre B Leitão et al.
    Single-cell transcriptomics of immune cells demonstrates that populations evolve inducible defences when infection rates are low and constitutive defences when infection is common.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Synergy and remarkable specificity of antimicrobial peptides in vivo using a systematic knockout approach

    Mark Austin Hanson et al.
    While antimicrobial cocktails are highly effective for defence against pathogenic microbes, the innate immune response may instead employ highly specific peptidic antibiotics to combat certain natural enemies.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Recurrent evolution of high virulence in isolated populations of a DNA virus

    Tom Hill, Robert L Unckless
    The same host–virus interactions can evolve multiple times in nature, due to the high effective mutation rate of viruses, and provide interesting systems of study.
    1. Neuroscience

    The wiring diagram of a glomerular olfactory system

    Matthew E Berck et al.
    The complete neural circuit map of a tractable olfactory system will support studies towards bridging the gap between circuits and behavior.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Cell Biology

    Seipin is required for converting nascent to mature lipid droplets

    Huajin Wang et al.
    Seipin oligomers dynamically interact with small, nascent lipid droplets near the endoplasmic reticulum to convert them into larger, mature lipid droplets in a newly identified step of lipid droplet formation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A connectome and analysis of the adult Drosophila central brain

    Louis K Scheffer et al.
    New reconstruction methods are used to create a publicly available dense reconstruction of the neurons and chemical synapses of central brain of Drosophila, with analysis of its graph properties.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Sex-determining genes distinctly regulate courtship capability and target preference via sexually dimorphic neurons

    Kenichi Ishii et al.
    Sex-specific characteristics of the fruit fly courtship behavior are not specified by a single binary switch, but as a combination of traits that are modularly specified by separable genetic switches.
    1. Neuroscience

    Imaging neuropeptide release at synapses with a genetically engineered reporter

    Keke Ding et al.
    A series of genetically-encoded fluorescent reporters that allow imaging of neuropeptide release in vivo, with sub-second temporal and nerve terminal-level spatial resolution are developed.

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