468 results found
  1. Episode 39: Spotlight on tropical diseases

    In this special episode we discuss diseases that are common in tropical countries including tuberculosis, Zika, malaria and schistosomiasis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mitochondrial ClpX activates an essential biosynthetic enzyme through partial unfolding

    Julia R Kardon et al.
    The mitochondrial protein unfoldase ClpX activates the first enzyme in heme biosynthesis, ALAS, by targeted unfolding that gates access of cofactor to the ALAS active site.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Stochastic tuning of gene expression enables cellular adaptation in the absence of pre-existing regulatory circuitry

    Peter L Freddolino et al.
    Stochastic tuning of gene expression could be a common mechanism through which eukaryotic cells adapt to challenging external environments, potentially including survival of infectious organisms within the host and adaptation of cancer cells to chemotherapy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuropeptide F regulates courtship in Drosophila through a male-specific neuronal circuit

    Weiwei Liu et al.
    Functional dissection of a cluster of male-specific neurons in Drosophila reveals a neuronal circuit regulating male courtship in accordance with the internal drive state.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Oncometabolite D-2-Hydroxyglutarate enhances gene silencing through inhibition of specific H3K36 histone demethylases

    Ryan Janke et al.
    Mutations in budding yeast modeled after cancer-associated isocitrate dehydrogenase mutations lead to stabilization of heterochromatin and enhanced gene silencing through inhibition of specific histone demethylases by the oncometabolite D-2-hydroxyglutarate.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    TNFR1-dependent cell death drives inflammation in Sharpin-deficient mice

    James A Rickard et al.
    Skin inflammation in Sharpin-deficient mice is primarily due to TNFR1-dependent apoptosis, but necroptosis appears to play a bigger role in inflammation of internal organs.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Deciphering the regulatory genome of Escherichia coli, one hundred promoters at a time

    William T Ireland et al.
    A combination of massively parallel reporter assays and mass spectrometry uncovers the regulation of previously unexplored promoters across the Escherichia coli genome.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cas9+ conditionally-immortalized macrophages as a tool for bacterial pathogenesis and beyond

    Allison W Roberts et al.
    Combination of stem cell engineering and CRISPR technologies created a facile method to genetically manipulate macrophages, a multifunctional cell type that plays critical roles in immunity, cancer, and tissue homeostasis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Mitochondrial Bol1 and Bol3 function as assembly factors for specific iron-sulfur proteins

    Marta A Uzarska et al.
    Cell biological, biochemical and structural studies reveal the mechanistic roles of two new mitochondrial iron-sulfur protein assembly factors, explaining the patho-biochemical defects of affected patients.
    1. Cell Biology

    A liquid-like organelle at the root of motile ciliopathy

    Ryan L Huizar et al.
    DynAPs reveal that biological phase separation provides the organizing principle for the complex process of dynein motor assembly in cells with motile cilia.

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