Resting-state MEG-activity and MRS-GABA/Glx measurements reveal that there is a significant shift in excitability during the course of schizophrenia, involving hyperexcitability during the onset and a reduction at chronic stages.
Computational modeling and analysis of mouse neural population data finds that the excitation/inhibition imbalance theory of brain disorders is too limited to account for key changes in neural activity statistics.
Weak yet highly species-specific protein-protein interactions enhance the activity of metabolically related enzymes in bacteria at endogenous conditions, but also mean that overexpression of one partner leads to permanent non-physiological complexes and gene dosage toxicity.
Caenorhabditis elegans studies indicate that gain-of-function mutations in the presynaptic voltage-gated calcium, associated with familial hemiplegic migraine in humans, result in excitatory-inhibitory imbalance in the nervous system.
Mechanical interactions between bacterial species with different motility characteristics play an important role in spatial-temporal dynamics of multi-species bacterial colonies and can lead to formation of complex patterns.