124 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Pyrophosphate modulates plant stress responses via SUMOylation

    M Görkem Patir-Nebioglu et al.
    In vivo inhibition of SUMO activating E1-enzymes by pyrophosphate reveals a mode of integrating metabolism and stress tolerance that is conserved across kingdoms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Parkin contributes to synaptic vesicle autophagy in Bassoon-deficient mice

    Sheila Hoffmann-Conaway et al.
    The presynaptic scaffolding protein Bassoon is involved in regulating neurotransmitter release by controlling synaptic vesicle pool size and vesicular protein turnover through increased ubiquitination and Parkin-dependent autophagy.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    A regulatory microRNA network controls endothelial cell phenotypic switch during sprouting angiogenesis

    Stefania Rosano et al.
    Coordinated microRNAs activity induced by VEGF represses cell proliferation and favors cell migration at the onset of sprouting angiogenesis in endothelial cells.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A complex regulatory landscape involved in the development of mammalian external genitals

    Ana Rita Amândio et al.
    In vertebrates, large regulatory landscapes sometimes behave as coherent regulatory units, which may explain the lack of effect sometimes observed when single enhancer sequences are deleted in isolation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Impaired skeletal muscle mitochondrial pyruvate uptake rewires glucose metabolism to drive whole-body leanness

    Arpit Sharma et al.
    Skeletal muscle mitochondrial pyruvate carrier disruption increases muscle fatty acid oxidation and systemic glucose turnover that drive whole-body leanness.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dynamic enhancer partitioning instructs activation of a growth-related gene during exit from naïve pluripotency

    Maxim Greenberg et al.
    Three-dimensional chromatin architecture facilitates a promoter switch in order to ensure maintained expression of a gene involved in growth during embryonic stem cell differentiation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mechano-redox control of integrin de-adhesion

    Freda Passam et al.
    Ligand binding, force and chemistry combine to control the function of a cell surface receptor.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Thalidomide promotes degradation of SALL4, a transcription factor implicated in Duane Radial Ray syndrome

    Katherine A Donovan et al.
    Thalidomide and its derivates induce degradation of many C2H2 zinc-finger transcription factors, including SALL4, providing insight into a long-standing mystery in modern pharmacology, and starting points for future drug development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Multisite dependency of an E3 ligase controls monoubiquitylation-dependent cell fate decisions

    Achim Werner et al.
    Simultaneous phosphorylation of multiple substrate motifs drives switch-like target recognition and monoubiquitylation by an E3 ligase during metazoan development.

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