149 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Crosstalk between the chloroplast protein import and SUMO systems revealed through genetic and molecular investigation in Arabidopsis

    Samuel James Watson et al.
    The small ubiquitin-like modifier system directly regulates components of the chloroplast protein import apparatus, that is, TOC proteins, to control chloroplast biogenesis and plant development.
    1. Cell Biology

    Structural basis for membrane recruitment of ATG16L1 by WIPI2 in autophagy

    Lisa M Strong et al.
    The crystal structure of human WIPI2 bound to the ATG16L1 WIPI2-interacting region, combined with in vitro reconstitution and cellular autophagy assays, shows how the LC3 lipidation machinery is recruited in autophagy initiation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Glycolytic preconditioning in astrocytes mitigates trauma-induced neurodegeneration

    Rene Solano Fonseca et al.
    Promoting a Warburg-like shift in astrocytic metabolism through reduced mitochondrial electron transport accommodates the energetic burden caused by brain trauma without overwhelming cellular respiration and redox to salvage dopaminergic neurons.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The amyloid precursor protein is a conserved Wnt receptor

    Tengyuan Liu et al.
    The amyloid precursor protein known for its role in causing familial Alzheimer's disease directly interacts with secreted proteins, called Wnts, known for their key roles in brain development and homeostasis, suggesting the two processes may be directly linked.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Cardiac pathologies in mouse loss of imprinting models are due to misexpression of H19 long noncoding RNA

    Ki-Sun Park et al.
    Maternal loss of imprinting at the Igf2/H19 locus reduces expression of H19 lncRNA and thereby leads to progressive cardiac pathologies in a mouse Beckwith–Wiedemann syndrome model.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    An engineered transcriptional reporter of protein localization identifies regulators of mitochondrial and ER membrane protein trafficking in high-throughput CRISPRi screens

    Robert Coukos et al.
    HiLITR is a molecular reporter of protein localization that enables straightforward, large-scale, fluorescence-activated cell sorting-based discovery of genes that regulate complex cellular processes, such as mitochondrial and ER tail-anchored protein trafficking.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Genetically incorporated crosslinkers reveal NleE attenuates host autophagy dependent on PSMD10

    Jingxiang Li et al.
    Transient interactions between NleE and PMSD10 suppress PSMD10 interaction with ATG7 to attenuate host autophagosome formation.
    1. Medicine

    7,8-Dihydroxyflavone modulates bone formation and resorption and ameliorates ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis

    Fan Xue et al.
    In vitro and in vivo studies highlight the dual regulatory effects that 7,8-dihydroxyflavone exerts on bone formation and resorption.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Dwarf open reading frame (DWORF) is a direct activator of the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium pump SERCA

    M'Lynn E Fisher et al.
    Activation of the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium pump and enhancement of cellular calcium homeostasis by dwarf open reading frame reveal how this small membrane protein opposes phospholamban inhibitory function in cardiac muscle.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Bacterial death and TRADD-N domains help define novel apoptosis and immunity mechanisms shared by prokaryotes and metazoans

    Gurmeet Kaur et al.
    Prokaryotic TRADD-N and Death-like adaptor domains in diverse predicted apoptosis and immune systems from multicellular prokaryotes and metazoans indicate the common origin of key apoptosis mechanisms required for the stabilization of multicellularity.

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