3,481 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    CarD uses a minor groove wedge mechanism to stabilize the RNA polymerase open promoter complex

    Brian Bae et al.
    The crystal structure of Thermus transcription activation complexes containing the transcriptional activator CarD reveals a new mechanism for the activation of transcription.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human foveal cone photoreceptor topography and its dependence on eye length

    Yiyi Wang et al.
    Despite evidence of retinal stretching with eye growth, cone photoreceptor sampling density in the foveal center of humans actually increases with eye length.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A gradient of Wnt activity positions the neurosensory domains of the inner ear

    Magdalena Żak, Nicolas Daudet
    Manipulations of Wnt signalling in the chicken embryo reveal how it controls in a dose-dependent manner the formation of the neurosensory territories of the early developing inner ear.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Generation of inner ear hair cells by direct lineage conversion of primary somatic cells

    Louise Menendez et al.
    Direct reprogramming of somatic cells to an inner ear sensory hair cell-like state provides an experimental platform to identify causes and treatments for hair cell loss and hearing deficits.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of a bacterial RNA polymerase holoenzyme open promoter complex

    Brian Bae et al.
    The crystal structure of bacterial RNA polymerase bound to the transcription bubble reveals key features that support the formation of a double-strand/single-strand DNA junction at the upstream edge of the −10 element where bubble formation initiates.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Shaping of inner ear sensory organs through antagonistic interactions between Notch signalling and Lmx1a

    Zoe F Mann et al.
    A dynamic confrontation between Notch signalling and the transcription factor Lmx1a at the borders of the developing inner ear sensory patches regulates their segregation and the positioning of their boundaries.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuronal connectome of a sensory-motor circuit for visual navigation

    Nadine Randel et al.
    Three-dimensional mapping of the neural circuitry that controls movement of a marine worm in response to light provides insights into the evolution of complex visual systems.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Mouse retinal cell behaviour in space and time using light sheet fluorescence microscopy

    Claudia Prahst et al.
    Improved 3D and 4D imaging of neurovascular processes across scales reveals new insights into eye disease mouse models and shows retinal vessels are significantly distorted using standard flat-mount confocal imaging.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Subterranean mammals show convergent regression in ocular genes and enhancers, along with adaptation to tunneling

    Raghavendran Partha et al.
    Repeated evolution of eye regression in subterranean mammals helps identify genes and regulatory elements involved in visual perception and development of the eye, and predicts candidate sequences with a potential role in ocular disorders.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    A novel role for lipoxin A4 in driving a lymph node–eye axis that controls autoimmunity to the neuroretina

    Jessica Wei et al.
    LXA4 in lymph nodes is an important resident homeostatic regulator that controls effector T cell functions and egress in the development of adaptive immune responses.

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