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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Control of PNG kinase, a key regulator of mRNA translation, is coupled to meiosis completion at egg activation

    Masatoshi Hara et al.
    The kinase that controls maternal mRNA translation is regulated by phosphorylation of its activating subunit to restrict kinase activity to the developmental window between meiosis completion and early embryogenesis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Spatial patterning of P granules by RNA-induced phase separation of the intrinsically-disordered protein MEG-3

    Jarrett Smith et al.
    A competition for RNA drives the localized assembly of RNA granules in the C. elegans embryo.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Autocatalytic microtubule nucleation determines the size and mass of Xenopus laevis egg extract spindles

    Franziska Decker et al.
    Quantitative microscopy and theory show that the size of Xenopus laevis egg extract spindles is controlled by a spatially-regulated autocatalytic growth mechanism driven by microtubule-stimulated microtubule nucleation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activity of the C. elegans egg-laying behavior circuit is controlled by competing activation and feedback inhibition

    Kevin M Collins et al.
    The neural circuit that regulates egg-laying behavior in nematode worms is activated by egg production, coupled to the circuit that generates movement, and inhibited by sensory feedback from egg release.
    1. Ecology

    Adaptive thermal plasticity enhances sperm and egg performance in a model insect

    Ramakrishnan Vasudeva et al.
    Sperm and egg development are temperature sensitive, enabling males and females to significantly improve their reproductive success by matching gamete function to varying thermal environments for fertilisation and offspring development.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Plant Reproduction: Shaping the genome of plants

    Ajeet Chaudhary et al.
    Fertilization of an egg cell by more than one sperm cell can produce viable progeny in a flowering plant.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Optical detection of three modes of endocytosis at hippocampal synapses

    Natali L Chanaday, Ege T Kavalali
    Single synaptic vesicle imaging shows that kinetically distinct endocytic pathways are differentially regulated by calcium and temperature, and influence the fidelity of synaptic vesicle protein retrieval.
    1. Neuroscience

    Single synapse evaluation of the postsynaptic NMDA receptors targeted by evoked and spontaneous neurotransmission

    Austin L Reese, Ege T Kavalali
    In a population of mammalian central synapses, spontaneous and evoked neurotransmitter release processes are independently distributed; yet, postsynaptic receptors within a single synapse preferentially receive neurotransmitter from only one mode of release.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spontaneous neurotransmission signals through store-driven Ca2+ transients to maintain synaptic homeostasis

    Austin L Reese, Ege T Kavalali
    Individual neurons can adjust the strength of their synapses by using spontaneous calcium influx through NMDA receptors to trigger the release of additional calcium from intracellular stores, which can in turn be used to regulate protein synthesis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The kinetoplastid-infecting Bodo saltans virus (BsV), a window into the most abundant giant viruses in the sea

    Christoph M Deeg et al.
    Bodo saltans virus defines the most abundant giant viruses in the ocean and highlights the genomic plasticity, rooted in evolutionary arms races, that gave rise to giant viruses.