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    1. Neuroscience

    Activity of the C. elegans egg-laying behavior circuit is controlled by competing activation and feedback inhibition

    Kevin M Collins et al.
    The neural circuit that regulates egg-laying behavior in nematode worms is activated by egg production, coupled to the circuit that generates movement, and inhibited by sensory feedback from egg release.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optical detection of three modes of endocytosis at hippocampal synapses

    Natali L Chanaday, Ege T Kavalali
    Single synaptic vesicle imaging shows that kinetically distinct endocytic pathways are differentially regulated by calcium and temperature, and influence the fidelity of synaptic vesicle protein retrieval.
    1. Neuroscience

    Single synapse evaluation of the postsynaptic NMDA receptors targeted by evoked and spontaneous neurotransmission

    Austin L Reese, Ege T Kavalali
    In a population of mammalian central synapses, spontaneous and evoked neurotransmitter release processes are independently distributed; yet, postsynaptic receptors within a single synapse preferentially receive neurotransmitter from only one mode of release.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spontaneous neurotransmission signals through store-driven Ca2+ transients to maintain synaptic homeostasis

    Austin L Reese, Ege T Kavalali
    Individual neurons can adjust the strength of their synapses by using spontaneous calcium influx through NMDA receptors to trigger the release of additional calcium from intracellular stores, which can in turn be used to regulate protein synthesis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The kinetoplastid-infecting Bodo saltans virus (BsV), a window into the most abundant giant viruses in the sea

    Christoph M Deeg et al.
    Bodo saltans virus defines the most abundant giant viruses in the ocean and highlights the genomic plasticity, rooted in evolutionary arms races, that gave rise to giant viruses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human VMPFC encodes early signatures of confidence in perceptual decisions

    Sabina Gherman, Marios G. Philiastides
    Simultaneous EEG-fMRI reveals neural representations of decision confidence unfolding prior to explicit perceptual choices, in a region of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex typically linked to reward processing and value-based decisions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    MutSα maintains the mismatch repair capability by inhibiting PCNA unloading

    Yoshitaka Kawasoe et al.
    Biochemical analysis in Xenopus egg extracts reveals that the MutSα mismatch sensor retains the DNA-bound replication clamp to maintain a post-replicative temporal window permissive to strand-specific repair of mismatches.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lamina-specific cortical dynamics in human visual and sensorimotor cortices

    James J Bonaiuto et al.
    Cortical oscillations in human MEG are lamina-specific, with low-frequency activity predominating in deep, and high-frequency activity in more superficial layers of sensory and motor cortices.
    1. Neuroscience

    Detecting changes in dynamic and complex acoustic environments

    Yves Boubenec et al.
    Psychophysics experiments and EEG recordings reveal that people's performance in detecting unexpected changes in complex auditory scenes can be modeled as a process of sensory evidence accumulation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The extraembryonic serosa is a frontier epithelium providing the insect egg with a full-range innate immune response

    Chris G C Jacobs et al.
    Contrary to the current perception, insect eggs are very capable of defending themselves against pathogens.