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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The kinetoplastid-infecting Bodo saltans virus (BsV), a window into the most abundant giant viruses in the sea

    Christoph M Deeg et al.
    Bodo saltans virus defines the most abundant giant viruses in the ocean and highlights the genomic plasticity, rooted in evolutionary arms races, that gave rise to giant viruses.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    MutSα maintains the mismatch repair capability by inhibiting PCNA unloading

    Yoshitaka Kawasoe et al.
    Biochemical analysis in Xenopus egg extracts reveals that the MutSα mismatch sensor retains the DNA-bound replication clamp to maintain a post-replicative temporal window permissive to strand-specific repair of mismatches.
    1. Neuroscience

    Detecting changes in dynamic and complex acoustic environments

    Yves Boubenec et al.
    Psychophysics experiments and EEG recordings reveal that people's performance in detecting unexpected changes in complex auditory scenes can be modeled as a process of sensory evidence accumulation.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The extraembryonic serosa is a frontier epithelium providing the insect egg with a full-range innate immune response

    Chris G C Jacobs et al.
    Contrary to the current perception, insect eggs are very capable of defending themselves against pathogens.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The autophagy gene Atg16l1 differentially regulates Treg and TH2 cells to control intestinal inflammation

    Agnieszka M Kabat et al.
    Impaired autophagy influences intestinal inflammation and hypersensitivity responses by orchestrating mucosal T cell populations, suggesting new translational perspectives for the treatment of these conditions.
    1. Neuroscience

    The DEG/ENaC cation channel protein UNC-8 drives activity-dependent synapse removal in remodeling GABAergic neurons

    Tyne W Miller-Fleming et al.
    The protein UNC-8 is a neuronal activity sensor that triggers the elimination of synapses during development of the nervous system.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    EED orchestration of heart maturation through interaction with HDACs is H3K27me3-independent

    Shanshan Ai et al.
    During heart maturation, embryonic ectoderm development as a chromatin remodeler triggers transcriptional silencing, while H3K27me3 is a passenger that is not sufficient for gene silencing.
    1. Neuroscience

    ERG-28 controls BK channel trafficking in the ER to regulate synaptic function and alcohol response in C. elegans

    Kelly H Oh et al.
    An endoplasmic reticulum membrane protein regulates synaptic transmission, alcohol sensitivity, and gene expression by controlling the trafficking of a calcium-activated potassium channel.
    1. Cell Biology

    Distinct Akt phosphorylation states are required for insulin regulated Glut4 and Glut1-mediated glucose uptake

    Muheeb Beg et al.
    Distinct phosphorylations of Akt determine the regulation of glucose uptake into fat and epithelial cells, revealing unexpected specialization in both Akt activation and its downstream control of glucose metabolism.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Fast retrieval and autonomous regulation of single spontaneously recycling synaptic vesicles

    Jeremy Leitz, Ege T Kavalali
    Spontaneous fusion of vesicles at synapses is regulated independently of fusion triggered by action potentials, adding to evidence that the two types of fusion have distinct functions.