117 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    ELKS controls the pool of readily releasable vesicles at excitatory synapses through its N-terminal coiled-coil domains

    Richard G Held et al.
    The presynaptic active zone protein ELKS provides synapse-specific control of the pool of readily releasable vesicles and release probability.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Molecular mechanism of voltage-dependent potentiation of KCNH potassium channels

    Gucan Dai, William N Zagotta
    A powerful new fluorescence approach elucidates the structural mechanism for a specialized ion channel behavior important for cardiac and neuronal excitability.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Genetic Diseases: Many ways to break a heart

    Megan Rowton, Ivan P Moskowitz
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    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Effects of myosin variants on interacting-heads motif explain distinct hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathy phenotypes

    Lorenzo Alamo et al.
    Mapping the locations of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy gene variants onto the three-dimensional structures of contractile proteins revealed that these disrupt protein interactions are critical for normal cardiac relaxation and efficient energy usage.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    A novel region in the CaV2.1 α1 subunit C-terminus regulates fast synaptic vesicle fusion and vesicle docking at the mammalian presynaptic active zone

    Matthias Lübbert et al.
    A novel region in the CaV2.1 α1 subunit regulates coupling of synaptic vesicles to CaV2.1 calcium channels, synaptic vesicle release and docking, and the size of the fast and total releasable pools of synaptic vesicles.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Chemotactic network responses to live bacteria show independence of phagocytosis from chemoreceptor sensing

    Netra Pal Meena, Alan R Kimmel
    Eukaryotic chemotaxis to live bacteria was quantified at a high throughput level, for the first time, and mechanistically examined for the interrelationship between chemotaxis and phagocytosis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    USP5/Leon deubiquitinase confines postsynaptic growth by maintaining ubiquitin homeostasis through Ubiquilin

    Chien-Hsiang Wang et al.
    Maintenance of ubiquitin homeostasis is essential for proper control of the size of postsynaptic density and the growth of specialized membrane structure.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The kinase DYRK1A reciprocally regulates the differentiation of Th17 and regulatory T cells

    Bernard Khor et al.
    A chemical biology approach has identified the kinase DYRK1A as a new regulator of the inflammatory response.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural signatures of perceptual inference

    William Sedley et al.
    Changes to sensory predictions are encoded by beta oscillations, surprise due to prediction violations by gamma oscillations, and alpha oscillations may have a role in controlling the precision of predictions.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    MOF-associated complexes ensure stem cell identity and Xist repression

    Tomasz Chelmicki et al.
    Two complexes that contain the histone acetyl transferase MOF engage in a two-pronged approach to ensure the repression of X inactivation in mouse embryonic stem cells.

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