2,355 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    New light shed on the early evolution of limb-bone growth plate and bone marrow

    Jordi Estefa et al.
    A three-dimensional investigation of extinct-tetrapod limbs shows that even though bone elongation and blood-cell production are intimately related to mammal long bones, these functions actually appeared successively in tetrapod evolution.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Replication Study: Wnt activity defines colon cancer stem cells and is regulated by the microenvironment

    Anthony Essex et al.
    Editors' Summary: This Replication Study has reproduced important parts of the original paper.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Medicine

    Unexpected similarities between C9ORF72 and sporadic forms of ALS/FTD suggest a common disease mechanism

    Erin G Conlon et al.
    Idiopathic patients along a complex motor neuron disease-dementia spectrum exhibit mRNA splicing changes that are due to multi-protein insolubility.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Erythropoietin signaling regulates heme biosynthesis

    Jacky Chung et al.
    EPO/JAK2/PKA signaling cascade via AKAP10 relocalization to the outer mitochondrial membrane results in the phosphorylation of the terminal heme synthesis enzyme ferrochelatase, which contributes to heme production in red cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Cell type boundaries organize plant development

    Monica Pia Caggiano et al.
    Leaf position, shape and orientation are pre-patterned by cell type boundaries in the shoot meristem.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    The LIM protein complex establishes a retinal circuitry of visual adaptation by regulating Pax6 α-enhancer activity

    Yeha Kim et al.
    Regulation of Pax6 expression through the α-enhancer fine-tunes amacrine cell subtype number, and consequently, the visual output of the retina.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Homo naledi, a new species of the genus Homo from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa

    Lee R Berger et al.
    A new hominin species has been unearthed in the Dinaledi Chamber of the Rising Star cave system in the largest assemblage of a single species of hominins yet discovered in Africa.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of the head-trunk interface in tetrapod vertebrates

    Elizabeth M Sefton et al.
    Both gill musculature and the evolutionarily conserved cucullaris muscle are derived from unsegmented mesoderm adjacent to the first 3 somites, extending the posterior limit of cranial mesoderm.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Determination of ubiquitin fitness landscapes under different chemical stresses in a classroom setting

    David Mavor et al.
    Chemical perturbation-dependent deep mutational scanning data collected by a lab-based interdisciplinary graduate class resolves a paradox between the high evolution conservation and the high mutational tolerance of the protein ubiquitin.

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