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    1. Neuroscience

    Neural evidence accumulation persists after choice to inform metacognitive judgments

    Peter R Murphy et al.
    Error detection is contingent on the continuation of evidence accumulation after choice commitment, and the speed and accuracy of this process are modulated by high-level signals from medial frontal cortex.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The serine protease hepsin mediates urinary secretion and polymerisation of Zona Pellucida domain protein uromodulin

    Martina Brunati et al.
    Hepsin is the first protease identified to modulate specific cleavage and secretion of a Zona Pellucida domain protein, uromodulin.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Methylation of RNA polymerase II non-consensus Lysine residues marks early transcription in mammalian cells

    João D Dias et al.
    Lysine mono- and di-methylation are two novel post-translational modifications of RNA polymerase II, which are enriched at promoters of active genes, precede lysine acetylation and mark early stages of transcription.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Akt-mTORC1 signaling regulates Acly to integrate metabolic input to control of macrophage activation

    Anthony J Covarrubias et al.
    Interleukin 4 signaling co-opts the Akt-mTORC1-Acly pathway to couple metabolic input to the control of energetically demanding processes during macrophage M2 activation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Cancer Biology

    Bromodomain inhibition of the transcriptional coactivators CBP/EP300 as a therapeutic strategy to target the IRF4 network in multiple myeloma

    Andrew R Conery et al.
    CBP/EP300 bromodomain inhibitors have a therapeutic application in oncology via targeting the IRF4 transcriptional program, a clinically validated network critical for multiple myeloma cell viability.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Epigenomic landscapes of retinal rods and cones

    Alisa Mo et al.
    Genome-wide analysis of DNA methylation and accessible chromatin shows that retinal rods and cones have distinct epigenomic features that reflect differences in their development and function.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Regulatory polymorphisms modulate the expression of HLA class II molecules and promote autoimmunity

    Prithvi Raj et al.
    Genetic variations that underlie common autoimmune disease genes are predominantly regulatory and modify the expression of multiple genes within the HLA gene complex and throughout the immune system.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    A new synthetic biology approach allows transfer of an entire metabolic pathway from a medicinal plant to a biomass crop

    Paulina Fuentes et al.
    A combination of chloroplast transformation with nuclear transformation and large-scale metabolic screening of supertransformed plant lines has enabled an entire biochemical pathway to be transferred from a medicinal plant to a high-biomass crop.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Salicylate, diflunisal and their metabolites inhibit CBP/p300 and exhibit anticancer activity

    Kotaro Shirakawa et al.
    Salicylic acid, the precursor to aspirin, is an anti-tumor agent that blocks protein acetylation.