643 results found
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    A minimal self-organisation model of the Golgi apparatus

    Quentin Vagne et al.
    An unbiased model for the self-organisation of the Golgi apparatus displays either anterograde vesicular transport or cisternal maturation depending on ratios of budding, fusion and biochemical conversion rates.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Microtubules originate asymmetrically at the somatic golgi and are guided via Kinesin2 to maintain polarity within neurons

    Amrita Mukherjee et al.
    The somatic Golgi acts as an asymmetric MTOC within Drosophila neurons, and this, together with the action Kinesin-2, helps maintain minus-end-out microtubule polarity with proximal dendrites.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Regulation of BMP4/Dpp retrotranslocation and signaling by deglycosylation

    Antonio Galeone et al.
    The cytoplasmic enzyme N-glycanase 1 plays an evolutionary conserved role in promoting the ERAD-mediated retrotranslocation of misfolded Dpp/BMP4 from the ER, thereby allowing BMP signaling in specific contexts.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Peroxiredoxin promotes longevity and H2O2-resistance in yeast through redox-modulation of protein kinase A

    Friederike Roger et al.
    The major cytosolic yeast peroxiredoxin Tsa1 controls aging and H2O2-resistance by inhibiting protein kinase A through a conserved cysteine in the catalytic subunit activation loop and not by scavenging H2O2.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Dissecting transcriptional amplification by MYC

    Zuqin Nie et al.
    Synthetic biology experiments show that MYC is a general transcription amplifier acting at two or more sites in the transcription-cycle and that MYC-turnover contributes to its activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ca2+ entry through NaV channels generates submillisecond axonal Ca2+ signaling

    Naomi AK Hanemaaijer et al.
    High-speed calcium imaging from the axon initial segment shows that sodium channels are in part permeable to calcium ions.
    1. Cell Biology

    Miga-mediated endoplasmic reticulum–mitochondria contact sites regulate neuronal homeostasis

    Lingna Xu et al.
    Increasing endoplasmic reticulum (ER)–mitochondria contact sites leads to neurodegeneration.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Profiling of myristoylation in Toxoplasma gondii reveals an N-myristoylated protein important for host cell penetration

    Malgorzata Broncel et al.
    Myristoylation of a secreted protein, identified in a global myristoylation analysis of the eukaryotic parasite Toxoplasma gondii, is important for host cell invasion.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular determinants of large cargo transport into the nucleus

    Giulia Paci et al.
    Efficient nuclear transport of very large biomolecules, relevant for viral transport, scales non-linearly with size and its kinetics can be explained by a simple two-parameter energetic model.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Differential accumulation of storage bodies with aging defines discrete subsets of microglia in the healthy brain

    Jeremy Carlos Burns et al.
    Two novel subsets of microglia identified by their unique autofluorescence profiles differ in their subcellular organization, proteomic signatures and in their response to aging and lysosomal dysfunction.

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