556 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    The mammalian LINC complex component SUN1 regulates muscle regeneration by modulating drosha activity

    Tsui Han Loo et al.
    The LINC complex, that couples the interphase cytoskeleton to the nucleus, regulates the processing of a cluster of miRNAs required for muscle regeneration by recruiting and interacting directly with Drosha.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cocaine-induced endocannabinoid signaling mediated by sigma-1 receptors and extracellular vesicle secretion

    Yoki Nakamura et al.
    Non-synaptic extracellular vesicles may be involved in the release of endogenous cannabinoids in the central nervous system thereby representing a novel mechanism to mediate their effects on synaptic transmission.
    1. Neuroscience

    The effects of psychosocial stress on dopaminergic function and the acute stress response

    Michael AP Bloomfield et al.
    Imaging and laboratory-induced psychosocial stress showed that exposure to psychosocial adversity was associated with dampened striatal dopaminergic function alongside blunted physiological yet potentiated subjective responses to acute stress.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Kv2.1 mediates spatial and functional coupling of L-type calcium channels and ryanodine receptors in mammalian neurons

    Nicholas C Vierra et al.
    A potassium channel, as a nonconducting function, organizes compartmentalized neuronal calcium signaling microdomains via structural and functional coupling of plasma membrane and endoplasmic reticulum calcium channels.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Transverse tubule remodeling enhances Orai1-dependent Ca2+ entry in skeletal muscle

    Antonio Michelucci et al.
    Structural and functional analyses show that transverse tubule association with stacks of sarcoplasmic reticulum enhances Orai1-dependent Ca2+ entry to replenish Ca2+ stores, maintain Ca2+ release, and maximize force during exercise.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional brain alterations following mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss in children

    Axelle Calcus et al.
    Mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss causes changes in the neurophysiological functioning that emerge during adolescence, as suggested by both cross-sectional and longitudinal designs.
    1. Cell Biology

    Native adiponectin in serum binds to mammalian cells expressing T-cadherin, but not AdipoRs or calreticulin

    Shunbun Kita et al.
    Binding study of native adiponectin existing in serum supported the importance of T-cadherin but not AdipoRs nor calreticulin.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Discovery proteomics in aging human skeletal muscle finds change in spliceosome, immunity, proteostasis and mitochondria

    Ceereena Ubaida-Mohien et al.
    The changes in the skeletal muscle proteome with age indicate the roots of the decline in muscle function with age.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Mitochondrial fusion is required for spermatogonial differentiation and meiosis

    Grigor Varuzhanyan et al.
    Mitochondrial fusion enables a metabolic transition during spermatogenesis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Extraocular, rod-like photoreceptors in a flatworm express xenopsin photopigment

    Kate A Rawlinson et al.
    A new opsin receptor is light-sensitive and expressed in a unique type of photoreceptor in a flatworm that encloses over 400 sensory cilia within its cell membrane.

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