559 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    The ER Stress Surveillance (ERSU) pathway regulates daughter cell ER protein aggregate inheritance

    Francisco J Piña, Maho Niwa
    Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) inheritance regulation during ER stress controls the transmission of misfolded ER proteins from mother to daughter cell in budding yeast.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Inhibition of mTORC1 by ER stress impairs neonatal β-cell expansion and predisposes to diabetes in the Akita mouse

    Yael Riahi et al.
    mTORC1 inhibition by perinatal ER stress induces beta-cell growth arrest with subsequent development of diabetes.
    1. Cell Biology

    Selective clearance of the inner nuclear membrane protein emerin by vesicular transport during ER stress

    Abigail Buchwalter et al.
    Emerin, a protein that plays key roles in nuclear organization, can be dynamically degraded in response to environmental stimuli such as ER stress.
    1. Cell Biology

    A sphingolipid-dependent diffusion barrier confines ER stress to the yeast mother cell

    Lori Clay et al.
    Sphingolipids govern the compartmentalization of yeast cells through the assembly of lateral diffusion barriers in ER membranes.
    1. Cell Biology

    Experimental reconstitution of chronic ER stress in the liver reveals feedback suppression of BiP mRNA expression

    Javier A Gomez, D Thomas Rutkowski
    Feedback mechanisms that contribute to the deactivation of the unfolded protein response lead to the dysregulation of mRNA expression during chronic stress in the liver, including that of the critical endoplasmic reticulum chaperone BiP.
    1. Cell Biology

    Ceapins inhibit ATF6α signaling by selectively preventing transport of ATF6α to the Golgi apparatus during ER stress

    Ciara M Gallagher, Peter Walter
    Ceapins specifically inhibit ATF6α signaling by preventing its transport to the Golgi during endoplasmic reticulum stress.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Noncanonical binding of BiP ATPase domain to Ire1 and Perk is dissociated by unfolded protein CH1 to initiate ER stress signaling

    Marta Carrara et al.
    The chaperone protein BiP forms complexes with Ire1 and Perk that dissociate when unfolded proteins bind to BiP to activate the unfolded protein response in the ER.
    1. Cell Biology

    Nuclear receptor LRH-1/NR5A2 is required and targetable for liver endoplasmic reticulum stress resolution

    Jennifer L Mamrosh et al.
    LRH-1/NR5A2 responds to ER stress by inducing a novel pathway that is required for stress resolution in mice and can be targeted by LRH-1 agonists.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    An unfolded protein-induced conformational switch activates mammalian IRE1

    G Elif Karagöz et al.
    ER-stress sensing mechanism of the unfolded protein response sensor/transducer IRE1 is conserved from yeast to mammals, where in mammals, unfolded protein binding to IRE1's ER lumenal domain is coupled to its oligomerization and activation through an allosteric conformational change.
    1. Cell Biology

    A stress assembly that confers cell viability by preserving ERES components during amino-acid starvation

    Margarita Zacharogianni et al.
    Amino-acid starvation leads to the formation of a reversible stress assembly, the Sec body, which is a pro-survival reservoir for components of the ER exit sites.

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