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    1. Cell Biology

    Experimental reconstitution of chronic ER stress in the liver reveals feedback suppression of BiP mRNA expression

    Javier A Gomez, D Thomas Rutkowski
    Feedback mechanisms that contribute to the deactivation of the unfolded protein response lead to the dysregulation of mRNA expression during chronic stress in the liver, including that of the critical endoplasmic reticulum chaperone BiP.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    An unfolded protein-induced conformational switch activates mammalian IRE1

    G Elif Karagöz et al.
    ER-stress sensing mechanism of the unfolded protein response sensor/transducer IRE1 is conserved from yeast to mammals, where in mammals, unfolded protein binding to IRE1's ER lumenal domain is coupled to its oligomerization and activation through an allosteric conformational change.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Reticulon proteins modulate autophagy of the endoplasmic reticulum in maize endosperm

    Xiaoguo Zhang et al.
    Plant reticulons bind Atg8 under ER stress to promote reticulophagy and ameliorate ER stress in the maize endosperm.
    1. Cell Biology

    A stress assembly that confers cell viability by preserving ERES components during amino-acid starvation

    Margarita Zacharogianni et al.
    Amino-acid starvation leads to the formation of a reversible stress assembly, the Sec body, which is a pro-survival reservoir for components of the ER exit sites.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Engineering ER-stress dependent non-conventional mRNA splicing

    Weihan Li et al.
    Ire1's RNase specificity and its cleavage sites coordination shape the evolutionary specialization of the unfolded protein response.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Cell-based HTS identifies a chemical chaperone for preventing ER protein aggregation and proteotoxicity

    Keisuke Kitakaze et al.
    Cell-based high-throughput screening identifies IBT21 as a chemical chaperone, that inhibits ER protein aggregation and prevents the cell death caused by a proteotoxin, the aggregation-prone prion protein.
    1. Neuroscience

    The critical role of membralin in postnatal motor neuron survival and disease

    Bo Yang et al.
    Membralin mutant mice manifest a severe and early-onset motor neuron disease with defects in endoplasmic reticulum-associated protein degradation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Misfolded proteins bind and activate death receptor 5 to trigger apoptosis during unresolved endoplasmic reticulum stress

    Mable Lam et al.
    Death receptor 5 can directly sense misfolded proteins downstream of the endoplasmic reticulum to provide a quality control mechanism that executes apoptosis and prevents further production of misfolded proteins.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Functional CRISPR screening identifies the ufmylation pathway as a regulator of SQSTM1/p62

    Rowena DeJesus et al.
    FACS-based pooled CRISPR screening is a powerful forward genetic tool to interrogate cellular pathways and targets that modulate protein fate.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    FoxO suppresses endoplasmic reticulum stress to inhibit growth of Tsc1-deficient tissues under nutrient restriction

    Avantika Gupta, Hugo Stocker
    Transcriptomic and genetic analyses of FoxO target genes reveal a key function of ER-associated protein degradation in growth regulation of Tsc1-deficient tissues.