229 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    An mRNA-binding channel in the ES6S region of the translation 48S-PIC promotes RNA unwinding and scanning

    Irene Díaz-López et al.
    The ES6S region of the small subunit ribosome makes a place for the threading and secondary structure unwinding of mRNA, which regulates genome-wide translation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Enhancer regions show high histone H3.3 turnover that changes during differentiation

    Aimee M Deaton et al.
    Nucleosomes at enhancers are unusually dynamic and change histone turnover rates during differentiation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Live-cell imaging reveals enhancer-dependent Sox2 transcription in the absence of enhancer proximity

    Jeffrey M Alexander et al.
    Sox2 transcription is not correlated with spatial proximity of its essential regulatory enhancer in embryonic stem cells, suggesting gene transcription is not limited to periods of direct enhancer-promoter contact.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Spen links RNA-mediated endogenous retrovirus silencing and X chromosome inactivation

    Ava C Carter et al.
    A long noncoding RNA uses viral mimicry to achieve developmental gene silencing across a chromosome.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dynamic enhancer partitioning instructs activation of a growth-related gene during exit from naïve pluripotency

    Maxim Greenberg et al.
    Three-dimensional chromatin architecture facilitates a promoter switch in order to ensure maintained expression of a gene involved in growth during embryonic stem cell differentiation.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Polycomb enables primitive endoderm lineage priming in embryonic stem cells

    Robert S Illingworth et al.
    Polycomb enables lineage priming in mouse embryonic stem cells by establishing a barrier to commitment.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    PCGF6-PRC1 suppresses premature differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells by regulating germ cell-related genes

    Mitsuhiro Endoh et al.
    PCGF6 links sequence specific target recognition by the MAX/MGA transcription factor complex to PRC1 (polycomb repressive complex 1) -dependent transcriptional silencing of germ cell-specific genes in mouse pluripotent stem cells.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Global reorganisation of cis-regulatory units upon lineage commitment of human embryonic stem cells

    Paula Freire-Pritchett et al.
    Promoter interactome maps in human embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and ESC-derived early neuroectodermal progenitors link distal enhancers to putative target genes, reveal lineage-specific cis-regulatory architecture and shed light on the logic of gene regulation by multiple enhancers.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Repressing Ago2 mRNA translation by Trim71 maintains pluripotency through inhibiting let-7 microRNAs

    Qiuying Liu et al.
    Repressing the conserved pro-differentiation let-7 microRNAs through limiting Ago2 levels is critical to maintaining pluripotency in stem cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    TWIST1 and chromatin regulatory proteins interact to guide neural crest cell differentiation

    Xiaochen Fan et al.
    Network propagation connects TWIST1 with epigenetic regulators CHD7, CHD8, and WHSC1, which collectively promote the bias toward neural crest while suppressing neural stem cell programmes, and subsequently enhance ectomesenchyme potential.

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