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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The yellow gene influences Drosophila male mating success through sex comb melanization

    Jonathan H Massey et al.
    Melanization of a secondary sexual structure facilitates male mating success in Drosophila.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Sex difference in pathology of the ageing gut mediates the greater response of female lifespan to dietary restriction

    Jennifer C Regan et al.
    In the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, stem cell activity ages female guts but not male guts; furthermore, males with feminized guts develop pathologies but gain an increase in lifespan through dietary restriction.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Sex-determining genes distinctly regulate courtship capability and target preference via sexually dimorphic neurons

    Kenichi Ishii et al.
    Sex-specific characteristics of the fruit fly courtship behavior are not specified by a single binary switch, but as a combination of traits that are modularly specified by separable genetic switches.
    1. Neuroscience

    Embryonic transcription factor expression in mice predicts medial amygdala neuronal identity and sex-specific responses to innate behavioral cues

    Julieta E Lischinsky et al.
    Studying the development of the medial amygdala in the mouse reveals how the brain may potentially process sex differences in innate behaviors such as mating.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nematophagous fungus Arthrobotrys oligospora mimics olfactory cues of sex and food to lure its nematode prey

    Yen-Ping Hsueh et al.
    Genetic and behavior analyses show that Caenorhabditis nematodes are lured to the predator Arthrobotrys oligospora by olfactory mimicry of food and sex cues.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Ecology

    Sex-specific triacylglycerides are widely conserved in Drosophila and mediate mating behavior

    Jacqueline SR Chin et al.
    Triacylglycerides found in the males of 11 species of Drosophila form a largely overlooked, novel, sex-specific class of pheromones that act to suppress courtship behaviour.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Natural depletion of histone H1 in sex cells causes DNA demethylation, heterochromatin decondensation and transposon activation

    Shengbo He et al.
    Transposon activation during male gametogenesis is caused by interactions between DNA demethylation and linker histone H1, developmental depletion of which promotes pollen fertility.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Reproduction: How flies turn food into progeny

    Thomas Flatt
    Sex-optimal diets have different effects on gene expression in female and male flies.
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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Mating Behavior: When structure meets function

    Sarah A Signor
    A new study upturns the long-held belief that in fruit flies, the yellow gene determines sex-specific behaviors by acting in the brain.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Spatial sampling in human visual cortex is modulated by both spatial and feature-based attention

    Daniel Marten van Es et al.
    The sampling of visual space is not only warped by attention towards locations but also depends on attended features.