958 results found
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    An epigenetic switch ensures transposon repression upon dynamic loss of DNA methylation in embryonic stem cells

    Marius Walter et al.
    The various transposon families of the mammalian genome can adopt different types of repressive chromatin responses upon DNA methylation loss.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    ASH1-catalyzed H3K36 methylation drives gene repression and marks H3K27me2/3-competent chromatin

    Vincent T Bicocca et al.
    While SET-2 methylates histone H3K36 during transcription, ASH1 methylates this residue in repressed regions, is important for silencing, and can both positively and negatively influence methylation of histone H3K27.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Tuned polymerization of the transcription factor Yan limits off-DNA sequestration to confer context-specific repression

    C Matthew Hope et al.
    Tuned protein–protein interaction affinity optimizes the repressive function of the ETS family transcription factor Yan in order to contribute specificity and robustness to cell fate specification in the developing Drosophila eye.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The transcription factor FOXL2 mobilizes estrogen signaling to maintain the identity of ovarian granulosa cells

    Adrien Georges et al.
    FOXL2 maintenance of ovarian identity is not solely due to a simple direct repression of Sox9 but to the mobilization of estrogen signalling by FOXL2.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    ETO family protein Mtgr1 mediates Prdm14 functions in stem cell maintenance and primordial germ cell formation

    Nataliya Nady et al.
    The Mtgr1 protein promotes the maintenance of pluripotency and germ cell formation via its interaction with the stem cell regulator Prdm14.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Histone demethylase Lsd1 represses hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell signatures during blood cell maturation

    Marc A Kerenyi et al.
    Lysine-specific demethylase 1 (Lsd1) has an essential role during both the early and later stages of blood cell development.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Dynamic repression by BCL6 controls the genome-wide liver response to fasting and steatosis

    Meredith A Sommars et al.
    B cell lymphoma 6 (BCL6) represses fasting gene expression by opposing peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARa) activity at enhancers, and its ablation protects against steatosis by enhancing fatty acid catabolism.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Hfq CLASH uncovers sRNA-target interaction networks linked to nutrient availability adaptation

    Ira Alexandra Iosub et al.
    High-throughput RNA-RNA interaction analysis uncovers many novel sRNA-target interactions at various growth stages in Escherichia coli.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A single regulator NrtR controls bacterial NAD+ homeostasis via its acetylation

    Rongsui Gao et al.
    Functional definition of NrtR and the discovery of its acetylation represents a first paradigm for linking protein acetylation to bacterial central NAD+ metabolism.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Ovaries absent links dLsd1 to HP1a for local H3K4 demethylation required for heterochromatic gene silencing

    Fu Yang et al.
    A Drosophila fertility gene is identified that acts as a linker between HP1a and local H3K4 demethylation during HP1a-mediated gene silencing that is required for ovary development and transposon silencing..

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