107 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    RNA polymerase errors cause splicing defects and can be regulated by differential expression of RNA polymerase subunits

    Lucas B Carey
    A single human cell makes 10-100 transcriptional errors per second; these errors affect splicing and may influence the evolution of coding sequences.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Nanoparticulate carbon black in cigarette smoke induces DNA cleavage and Th17-mediated emphysema

    Ran You et al.
    The accumulation of carbon black nanoparticles in smokers' lungs causes sterile inflammation, double-strand DNA breaks and emphysema.
    1. Neuroscience

    A muscle-epidermis-glia signaling axis sustains synaptic specificity during allometric growth in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Jiale Fan et al.
    The work uncovers a muscle-epidermis-glia signaling axis, modulated by protease mig-17 and the basement membrane, that regulates synaptic allometry during growth in Caenorhabditis elegans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optogenetic control of excitatory post-synaptic differentiation through neuroligin-1 tyrosine phosphorylation

    Mathieu Letellier et al.
    Orthogonal to traditional paradigms that manipulate neuroligin expression level, optogenetic stimulation of tyrosine phosphorylation highlights a role of the intracellular domain of endogenous neuroligin-1 in excitatory synaptic differentiation and potentiation.
    1. Cell Biology

    The GARP complex is required for cellular sphingolipid homeostasis

    Florian Fröhlich et al.
    The retrograde vesicular trafficking GARP complex, which is mutated in a neurodegenerative disease, is important for sphingolipid homeostasis in yeast and mammalian cells.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional genomics of lipid metabolism in the oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides

    Samuel T Coradetti et al.
    Using barcoded mutagenesis and a high-throughput genetic screen results in the identification of 150 genes that affect lipid accumulation in a non-model yeast system.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Flattop regulates basal body docking and positioning in mono- and multiciliated cells

    Moritz Gegg et al.
    In cell types that acquire planar cell polarity, the protein Flattop regulates basal body docking and positioning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Shank is a dose-dependent regulator of Cav1 calcium current and CREB target expression

    Edward Pym et al.
    Changes in Shank gene dosage alter voltage-activated calcium current and calcium-activated gene expression in a manner that parallels the effects of human Shank copy number variation on psychiatric disease risk.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Water-mediated recognition of t1-adenosine anchors Argonaute2 to microRNA targets

    Nicole T Schirle et al.
    Argonaute proteins directly contact adenosine nucleotides in some miRNA target sites, leading to enhanced repression of the target mRNA.

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