214 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Chloroplast acquisition without the gene transfer in kleptoplastic sea slugs, Plakobranchus ocellatus

    Taro Maeda et al.
    The newly opened genome of a kleptoplastic mollusk, Plakobranchus ocellatus, indicated that sequestered plastids retain their activity within the animal cell without horizontal algal gene transfer to the animal nucleus.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasticity of Escherichia coli cell wall metabolism promotes fitness and antibiotic resistance across environmental conditions

    Elizabeth A Mueller et al.
    Environmental specialization of bacterial cell wall synthases influences intrinsic resistance to cell wall active antibiotics.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IgM and IgD B cell receptors differentially respond to endogenous antigens and control B cell fate

    Mark Noviski et al.
    Self-reactive B cells downregulate the IgM but not the IgD B cell receptor, and this serves as a critical tolerance mechanism because IgD is less sensitive to bona fide endogenous antigens than IgM.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    A generally conserved response to hypoxia in iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes from humans and chimpanzees

    Michelle C Ward, Yoav Gilad
    Evolutionarily conserved hypoxic stress response genes are depleted for association with expression quantitative trait loci.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tumor-induced MDSC act via remote control to inhibit L-selectin-dependent adaptive immunity in lymph nodes

    Amy W Ku et al.
    Tumor-induced myeloid-derived suppressor cells exert systemic suppression of adaptive immunity by limiting L-selectin-directed trafficking of T cells at vascular checkpoints in lymph nodes.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Preservation of three-dimensional anatomy in phosphatized fossil arthropods enriches evolutionary inference

    Achim H Schwermann et al.
    X-ray imaging reveals well-preserved internal characters in mineralized arthropods from the Paleogene, urging the reexamination of previously neglected fossil collections.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    B cell receptor and Toll-like receptor signaling coordinate to control distinct B-1 responses to both self and the microbiota

    Lieselotte SM Kreuk et al.
    Microbial-sensing TLRs drive responses to the microbiota, while nucleic-acid sensing TLRs control responses to endogenous ligands, revealing novel regulation of B-1a responses through integrated BCR/TLR mediated activation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Heparan sulfates are critical regulators of the inhibitory megakaryocyte-platelet receptor G6b-B

    Timo Vögtle et al.
    Heparan sulfates in the vessel wall bind and regulate signaling from the megakaryocyte/platelet-specific inhibitory receptor G6b-B, a critical regulator of platelet homeostasis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Islet vascularization is regulated by primary endothelial cilia via VEGF-A-dependent signaling

    Yan Xiong et al.
    Primary cilia on endothelial cells are required for VEGF-A/ VEGFR2-dependent signaling, islet vascularization and, consequently, nutrient delivery and insulin disposal.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Genome-wide effects of the antimicrobial peptide apidaecin on translation termination in bacteria

    Kyle Mangano et al.
    Inhibition of bacterial protein synthesis by an antimicrobial peptide apidaecin triggers translation arrest at the stop codons, ribosome queuing and pervasive stop codon readthrough.

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