Plant-unique RAB5 effector 2 (PUF2) is an effector of plant-unique ARA6, which plays a key role in plant endosomal transport, integrating functions of the two plant RAB5 groups by an unprecedented mechanism.
Biochemical and cell-based analyses reveal how a non-enveloped virus exploits the chaperone activity of an ER transmembrane protein to penetrate the ER membrane required for successful virus infection.
To protect their food and themselves against detrimental mould fungi, the eggs of a wasp species synthesize and emit remarkable amounts of gaseous nitrogen oxides that are highly effective antimicrobials.
Upon genotoxic stress, the FBXL10-RNF68-RNF2 ubiquitin ligase complex mono-ubiquitylates histone H2A and mediates H2A/H2A.Z exchange to repress transcription and ensures proper high fidelity homologous recombination repair.
The high affinity α-synuclein-monomer binder AS69 converts into a strong sub-stoichiometric inhibitor of nucleation processes upon formation of the AS69-α-synuclein complex, achieving reduced aggregation in vitro and in vivo.
An atomic model of the 3744-residue Tra1 protein reveals multiple transcription activator binding sites, its integration within the SAGA chromatin coactivator complex, and a striking similarity to DNA-repair factor DNA-PKcs.