294 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Tracking cells in epithelial acini by light sheet microscopy reveals proximity effects in breast cancer initiation

    Ashna Alladin et al.
    The presented primary epithelial acinus-based platform for studying interactions between normal and malignant cells will enable in depth analysis of the tumor initiation process on a molecular level.
    1. Cell Biology

    Super-resolution microscopy reveals majorly mono- and dimeric presenilin1/γ-secretase at the cell surface

    Abril Angélica Escamilla-Ayala et al.
    Super-resolution microscopy sets a new strategy to comprehend the membrane organization of γ-secretase at single complex resolution identifying nanodomain associations and its diffusion in situ in the living membrane.
    1. Neuroscience

    Parvalbumin interneurons provide spillover to newborn and mature dentate granule cells

    Ryan J Vaden et al.
    Fast-spiking parvalbumin-expressing interneurons generate slow spillover-mediated GABAergic transmission to young adult-born and neighboring mature neurons of the dentate gyrus.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 Vpr induces cell cycle arrest and enhances viral gene expression by depleting CCDC137

    Fengwen Zhang, Paul D Bieniasz
    A key target of the HIV-1 Vpr accessory protein is identified, whose depletion causes increased HIV-1gene expression and cell cycle arrest.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    KRAB-zinc finger protein gene expansion in response to active retrotransposons in the murine lineage

    Gernot Wolf et al.
    Unbiased ChIP-seq screens and genetic knockouts of large Kruppel associated box zinc finger protein (KRAB-ZFP) clusters reveal that evolutionarily young KRAB-ZFPs play a redundant role in retrotransposon restriction in mice.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Spen links RNA-mediated endogenous retrovirus silencing and X chromosome inactivation

    Ava C Carter et al.
    A long noncoding RNA uses viral mimicry to achieve developmental gene silencing across a chromosome.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Retrocopying expands the functional repertoire of APOBEC3 antiviral proteins in primates

    Lei Yang et al.
    Genomes take advantage of the gene-duplicating ability of retroelements to birth novel innate immune defense genes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: Bioengineering horizon scan 2020

    Luke Kemp et al.
    20 emerging issues in bioengineering that will have profound impacts on society have been identified.
    1. Cell Biology

    A viral fusogen hijacks the actin cytoskeleton to drive cell-cell fusion

    Ka Man Carmen Chan et al.
    A viral fusogen drives cell-cell fusion by hijacking the actin machinery to directly couple actin assembly with a short fusogenic ectodomain.
    1. Cell Biology

    Loss of Ena/VASP interferes with lamellipodium architecture, motility and integrin-dependent adhesion

    Julia Damiano-Guercio et al.
    Ena/VASP proteins act as positive regulators of cell motility and are required for the formation of microspikes, as opposed to filopodia that can arise from distinct molecular mechanisms.

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