265 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    SPOP mutation leads to genomic instability in prostate cancer

    Gunther Boysen et al.
    SPOP mutations underlie a novel, genomically unstable subclass of prostate cancer by altering DNA repair.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Upregulation of neurovascular communication through filamin abrogation promotes ectopic periventricular neurogenesis

    Shauna L Houlihan et al.
    Analyses based on the mouse model of a human genetic disease reveal that the neuron production of cerebral tissue can be boosted by escalated signaling between neural progenitors and the vasculature.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The CUL4-DDB1 ubiquitin ligase complex controls adult and embryonic stem cell differentiation and homeostasis

    Jie Gao et al.
    DDB1, a component of the ubiquitin proteasome system, plays a role in both hematopoietic and embryonic stem cell self-renewal and differentiation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Release of human cytomegalovirus from latency by a KAP1/TRIM28 phosphorylation switch

    Benjamin Rauwel et al.
    Inactivation of KAP1 by mTOR-mediated phosphorylation releases human cytomegalovirus from latency, and has the potential to be used as a therapy to purge the virus from transplant organs.
    1. Ecology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Viral dark matter and virus–host interactions resolved from publicly available microbial genomes

    Simon Roux et al.
    From public microbial genomes, VirSorter revealed 12,498 viral genome sequences that expand the map of the global virosphere and whose analyses improve understanding of viral taxonomy, evolution and virus-host interactions.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Empty conformers of HLA-B preferentially bind CD8 and regulate CD8+ T cell function

    Jie Geng et al.
    HLA-B*35:01 molecules that are peptide-deficient are thermostable, bind CD8 with higher affinity than their peptide-filled versions, accumulate at immunological synapses and enhance antigen-specific CD8+ T cell immune responses.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Prospective identification of functionally distinct stem cells and neurosphere-initiating cells in adult mouse forebrain

    John K Mich et al.
    Flow cytometric isolation and fate mapping shows that neurosphere-initiating cells are highly mitotically active and persist only transiently in vivo, and are distinct from quiescent, long-lived neural stem cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Sharpin prevents skin inflammation by inhibiting TNFR1-induced keratinocyte apoptosis

    Snehlata Kumari et al.
    The adaptor proteins FADD and TRADD play an important role in the Sharpin-dependent anti-apoptosis signaling pathway in keratinocytes and regulate skin homeostasis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The dyskerin ribonucleoprotein complex as an OCT4/SOX2 coactivator in embryonic stem cells

    Yick W Fong et al.
    A previously unrecognized transcriptional coactivator function of the dyskerin ribonucleoprotein complex and its associated small nucleolar RNA has been uncovered and mediates embryonic stem cell-specific transcription.

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