287 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    LIS1 determines cleavage plane positioning by regulating actomyosin-mediated cell membrane contractility

    Hyang Mi Moon et al.
    Novel insights into LIS1-dependent regulation of cell membrane contractility and cleavage axis specification identify a key molecular network regulating mitoses of neural progenitors and somatic cells during development.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Empty conformers of HLA-B preferentially bind CD8 and regulate CD8+ T cell function

    Jie Geng et al.
    HLA-B*35:01 molecules that are peptide-deficient are thermostable, bind CD8 with higher affinity than their peptide-filled versions, accumulate at immunological synapses and enhance antigen-specific CD8+ T cell immune responses.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Upregulation of neurovascular communication through filamin abrogation promotes ectopic periventricular neurogenesis

    Shauna L Houlihan et al.
    Analyses based on the mouse model of a human genetic disease reveal that the neuron production of cerebral tissue can be boosted by escalated signaling between neural progenitors and the vasculature.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The CUL4-DDB1 ubiquitin ligase complex controls adult and embryonic stem cell differentiation and homeostasis

    Jie Gao et al.
    DDB1, a component of the ubiquitin proteasome system, plays a role in both hematopoietic and embryonic stem cell self-renewal and differentiation.
    1. Ecology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Viral dark matter and virus–host interactions resolved from publicly available microbial genomes

    Simon Roux et al.
    From public microbial genomes, VirSorter revealed 12,498 viral genome sequences that expand the map of the global virosphere and whose analyses improve understanding of viral taxonomy, evolution and virus-host interactions.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    SPOP mutation leads to genomic instability in prostate cancer

    Gunther Boysen et al.
    SPOP mutations underlie a novel, genomically unstable subclass of prostate cancer by altering DNA repair.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Release of human cytomegalovirus from latency by a KAP1/TRIM28 phosphorylation switch

    Benjamin Rauwel et al.
    Inactivation of KAP1 by mTOR-mediated phosphorylation releases human cytomegalovirus from latency, and has the potential to be used as a therapy to purge the virus from transplant organs.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A virus-packageable CRISPR screen identifies host factors mediating interferon inhibition of HIV

    Molly OhAinle et al.
    Host restriction factors that block cross-species transmission also play a role in limiting the replication of highly-adapted HIV-1 in IFN-stimulated cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    Tetherin is an exosomal tether

    James R Edgar et al.
    Blocking acidification causes endosomes to fuse with the plasma membrane, releasing exosomes that remain attached to the cell surface via the anti-viral protein tetherin.

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