40 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Exploiting CRISPR-Cas to manipulate Enterococcus faecalis populations

    Karthik Hullahalli et al.
    Conflicts between CRISPR-Cas systems and antibiotic resistance plasmids can be exploited to selectively eliminate antibiotic resistance from Enterococcus faecalis populations.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Enterococcus faecium secreted antigen A generates muropeptides to enhance host immunity and limit bacterial pathogenesis

    Byungchul Kim et al.
    Enterococci faecium encodes unique peptidoglycan composition and remodeling activity that activates host immunity.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Delayed antibiotic exposure induces population collapse in enterococcal communities with drug-resistant subpopulations

    Kelsey M Hallinen et al.
    Collapse of bacterial communities containing antibiotic-resistant and susceptible cells can be driven by increased population size or delayed drug exposure.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The enterococcal cytolysin synthetase has an unanticipated lipid kinase fold

    Shi-Hui Dong et al.
    The bacterial cytolysin synthetase CylM has a eukaryotic lipid kinase fold despite the absence of any clear sequence similarity, and contains adjacent phosphorylation and phosphate elimination active sites and an ordered activation loop in the absence of peptide substrate or regulatory proteins.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    An adjunctive therapy administered with an antibiotic prevents enrichment of antibiotic-resistant clones of a colonizing opportunistic pathogen

    Valerie J Morley et al.
    Cholestyramine, an FDA-approved bile acid sequestrant, can be repurposed to inactivate the antibiotic daptomycin in the gut, which prevents the emergence of transmissible antibiotic resistance in gastrointestinal Enterococcus faecium populations.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Epidemiology and burden of multidrug-resistant bacterial infection in a developing country

    Cherry Lim et al.
    The burden of antimicrobial resistance in Thailand is deteriorating over time, and 19,122 deaths in the country in 2010 were excess deaths caused by multidrug-resistant bacterial infection.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Antibiotics: Modelling how antimicrobial resistance spreads between wards

    Tjibbe Donker
    Moving patients between wards and prescribing high levels of antibiotics increases the spread of bacterial infections that are resistant to treatment in hospitals.
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    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Metapopulation ecology links antibiotic resistance, consumption, and patient transfers in a network of hospital wards

    Julie Teresa Shapiro et al.
    Patterns of antibiotic use and the connectivity between wards are independently associated with the incidence of antimicrobial-resistant infections in hospital networks.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Freshwater monitoring by nanopore sequencing

    Lara Urban et al.
    From now on, nanopore metagenomics can be used to monitor aquatic environments with high spatiotemporal resolution, by use of a benchmarked, standardised and cost-effective workflow.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolutionary stability of collateral sensitivity to antibiotics in the model pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    Camilo Barbosa et al.
    Evolutionary trade-offs enhance efficacy of antibiotic therapy by constraining bacterial adaptation in dependence of drug order and trade-off effect size.

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