1,531 results found
    1. Cancer Biology

    Breast Cancer: Targeting mutant estrogen receptors

    Suzanne E Wardell et al.
    A drug used in hormone replacement therapy can target estrogen receptors that have become resistant to breast cancer treatments.
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    1. Developmental Biology

    Oviductal estrogen receptor α signaling prevents protease-mediated embryo death

    Wipawee Winuthayanon et al.
    Cyclic estrogen signaling in oviduct epithelial cells suppresses oviduct luminal protease activity to allow survival and development of preimplantation embryos
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Flexible nitrogen utilisation by the metabolic generalist pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Aleksandra Agapova et al.
    Metabolomics and stable isotope labelling studies of virulent Mycobacterium tuberculosis reveal a de-centralised metabolic network able to utilise various amino acids as nitrogen sources to a better extent than ammonium.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Estrogen receptor coregulator binding modulators (ERXs) effectively target estrogen receptor positive human breast cancers

    Ganesh V Raj et al.
    A novel first-in-class small molecule (ERX-11) that interacts with and disrupts the interactome of the estrogen receptor (ER), blocks the growth of ER-positive breast cancers, including those that are resistant to currently approved hormonal agents.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The transcription factor FOXL2 mobilizes estrogen signaling to maintain the identity of ovarian granulosa cells

    Adrien Georges et al.
    FOXL2 maintenance of ovarian identity is not solely due to a simple direct repression of Sox9 but to the mobilization of estrogen signalling by FOXL2.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Co-transcriptional R-loops are the main cause of estrogen-induced DNA damage

    Caroline Townsend Stork et al.
    The transcriptional response elicited by the hormone estrogen leads to DNA double-strand breaks by promoting R-loop formation in breast cancer cells.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Spatio-temporal control of mutualism in legumes helps spread symbiotic nitrogen fixation

    Benoit Daubech et al.
    Experiments and mathematical modelling show that rare nitrogen fixing symbionts invade a population dominated by non-fixing bacteria across plant generations, above a threshold of a combination of ecological factors.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Genome-wide Estrogen Receptor-α activation is sustained, not cyclical

    Andrew N Holding et al.
    Activation of the Estrogen Receptor by estra-2-diol results in sustained binding and the previously described cyclical response kinetics are likely an artefact of observing a highly variable process without replicates.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Estrogen receptor alpha somatic mutations Y537S and D538G confer breast cancer endocrine resistance by stabilizing the activating function-2 binding conformation

    Sean W Fanning et al.
    Two common mutant versions of estrogen receptor alpha achieve constitutive activity and hormone-resistance by preferentially adopting a suite of conformations that expose the coregulator-binding surface.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Resveratrol modulates the inflammatory response via an estrogen receptor-signal integration network

    Jerome C Nwachukwu et al.
    Anti-inflammatory effects of resveratrol are mediated by the estrogen receptor to coordinate a complex array of transcriptional coregulators, suggesting that estrogenic effects must be considered in the complex polypharmacology of resveratrol.

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