1,986 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Selective attenuation of Ether-a-go-go related K+ currents by endogenous acetylcholine reduces spike-frequency adaptation and network correlation

    Edward D Cui, Ben W Strowbridge
    Acetylcholine, a common modulator in the brain, controls spike-frequency adaptation by specifically attenuating Ether-a-go-go related K+ currents, thereby explaining many cortical network statistical changes often observed in vivo.
  1. Research: Publication bias and the canonization of false facts

    Silas Boye Nissen et al.
    Publication bias, in which positive results are preferentially reported by authors and published by journals, can restrict the visibility of evidence against false claims and allow such claims to be canonized inappropriately as facts.
  2. Research: Sci-Hub provides access to nearly all scholarly literature

    Daniel S Himmelstein et al.
    The availability of almost all articles from toll access journals in the Sci-Hub repository will disrupt scholarly publishing towards more open models.
  3. Research Culture: A survey-based analysis of the academic job market

    Jason D Fernandes et al.
    A survey of over 300 applicants for faculty positions reveals that there are many paths to securing a job offer.
    1. Neuroscience

    A circuit mechanism for decision-making biases and NMDA receptor hypofunction

    Sean Edward Cavanagh et al.
    Ketamine, an NMDA receptor antagonist and experimental model for schizophrenia, produces decision-making deficits in monkeys, which are predicted by a lowering of cortical excitation-inhibition balance in a spiking circuit model.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Metapopulation ecology links antibiotic resistance, consumption, and patient transfers in a network of hospital wards

    Julie Teresa Shapiro et al.
    Patterns of antibiotic use and the connectivity between wards are independently associated with the incidence of antimicrobial-resistant infections in hospital networks.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Social interactions drive efficient foraging and income equality in groups of fish

    Roy Harpaz, Elad Schneidman
    Analysis and modeling of group behavior of adult zebrafish shows that a specialized social interaction mechanism increases foraging efficiency and equality within groups, under a variety of environmental conditions.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    A mechanism for hunchback promoters to readout morphogenetic positional information in less than a minute

    Jonathan Desponds et al.
    Maternal positional information in the fly embryo can be read rapidly in spite of the gene-expression bottleneck and general examples of regulatory architectures that combine speed and accuracy are provided.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Size-dependent patterns of cell proliferation and migration in freely-expanding epithelia

    Matthew A Heinrich et al.
    Epithelia exhibit size-dependent growth dynamics caused by a decoupling between boundary and bulk cellular dynamics that enable robust expansion and drive cell cycling, collective migration, and tissue-spanning vortices.
    1. Neuroscience

    Efficient sampling and noisy decisions

    Joseph A Heng et al.
    An efficient coding theory for higher-level cognitive processes reveals that humans efficiently adapt to contextual distributions by economizing on environmental prior information.

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