2,520 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A single clonal lineage of transmissible cancer identified in two marine mussel species in South America and Europe

    Marisa A Yonemitsu et al.
    A transmissible cancer that arose in a marine mussel spread from a single animal to become a global pathogen affecting two other mussel species in both Europe and South America.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The evolutionary history and genomics of European blackcap migration

    Kira Delmore et al.
    Variation in migration can evolve rapidly and traits that comprise this behaviour may be determined by standing variation at a few regulatory regions that are not common across taxonomic groups.
    1. Medicine

    A novel haemocytometric COVID-19 prognostic score developed and validated in an observational multicentre European hospital-based study

    Joachim Linssen et al.
    Distinct haemocytometric parameters, including cell activation markers, combined in a prognostic score may support early identification of COVID-19 patients likely to deteriorate and thus may benefit from ICU admission.
    1. Plant Biology

    Point of View: Europe’s first and last field trial of gene-edited plants?

    Jean-Denis Faure, Johnathan A Napier
    The reclassification of gene editing as "GM" will impact on European plant sciences, making it more difficult to validate new traits in field trials and drive forward innovation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    New light shed on the early evolution of limb-bone growth plate and bone marrow

    Jordi Estefa et al.
    A three-dimensional investigation of extinct-tetrapod limbs shows that even though bone elongation and blood-cell production are intimately related to mammal long bones, these functions actually appeared successively in tetrapod evolution.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Eighteenth century Yersinia pestis genomes reveal the long-term persistence of an historical plague focus

    Kirsten I Bos et al.
    The analysis of 18th century Y. pestis genomes reveals a bacterial lineage that might be responsible for the 400-year period of European plague epidemics from the Renaissance through early modern times.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A common 1.6 mb Y-chromosomal inversion predisposes to subsequent deletions and severe spermatogenic failure in humans

    Pille Hallast et al.
    In addition to its academic merits, characterizing the genetic determinants of male (in)fertility and identifying clinically actionable genetic variants can lead to improved diagnosis or even treatment of such conditions.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Neolithic and medieval virus genomes reveal complex evolution of hepatitis B

    Ben Krause-Kyora et al.
    Ancient hepatitis B virus (HBV) genomes were reconstructed from up to 7000-year-old Stone Age human skeletons, suggesting a long-time complex co-evolution with human populations.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Emergence and diversification of a highly invasive chestnut pathogen lineage across southeastern Europe

    Lea Stauber et al.
    The chestnut blight fungus has successfully established an intermediary, diverse European bridgehead population, giving rise to a highly invasive clonal lineage spreading across southeastern Europe.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The global distribution of the arbovirus vectors Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus

    Moritz UG Kraemer et al.
    The limits to the global distribution of the mosquitoes that transmit dengue and chikungunya have been predicted using a species distribution modelling approach.

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