2,689 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Future life expectancy in Europe taking into account the impact of smoking, obesity, and alcohol

    Fanny Janssen et al.
    Accounting for the impact of smoking, obesity, and alcohol on past mortality trends, we project, compared to common practice, longer individual lifespans and more elderly in society for the future.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    Genomic basis for drought resistance in European beech forests threatened by climate change

    Markus Pfenninger et al.
    European beech harbours substantial genetic variation at genomic loci associated with drought resistance and newly identified loci can help to accelerate and monitor adaptation to climate change.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The evolutionary history and genomics of European blackcap migration

    Kira Delmore et al.
    Variation in migration can evolve rapidly and traits that comprise this behaviour may be determined by standing variation at a few regulatory regions that are not common across taxonomic groups.
    1. Medicine

    A novel haemocytometric COVID-19 prognostic score developed and validated in an observational multicentre European hospital-based study

    Joachim Linssen et al.
    Distinct haemocytometric parameters, including cell activation markers, combined in a prognostic score may support early identification of COVID-19 patients likely to deteriorate and thus may benefit from ICU admission.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Evolution of cytokine production capacity in ancient and modern European populations

    Jorge Domínguez-Andrés et al.
    Neolithic was a turning point for immune responses in Europeans, favoring tolerance against intracellular pathogens, promoting inflammation against extracellular microbes, and being related to current auto-immune diseases.
    1. Plant Biology

    Point of View: Europe’s first and last field trial of gene-edited plants?

    Jean-Denis Faure, Johnathan A Napier
    The reclassification of gene editing as "GM" will impact on European plant sciences, making it more difficult to validate new traits in field trials and drive forward innovation.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A single clonal lineage of transmissible cancer identified in two marine mussel species in South America and Europe

    Marisa A Yonemitsu et al.
    A transmissible cancer that arose in a marine mussel spread from a single animal to become a global pathogen affecting two other mussel species in both Europe and South America.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    New light shed on the early evolution of limb-bone growth plate and bone marrow

    Jordi Estefa et al.
    A three-dimensional investigation of extinct-tetrapod limbs shows that even though bone elongation and blood-cell production are intimately related to mammal long bones, these functions actually appeared successively in tetrapod evolution.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Eighteenth century Yersinia pestis genomes reveal the long-term persistence of an historical plague focus

    Kirsten I Bos et al.
    The analysis of 18th century Y. pestis genomes reveals a bacterial lineage that might be responsible for the 400-year period of European plague epidemics from the Renaissance through early modern times.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A common 1.6 mb Y-chromosomal inversion predisposes to subsequent deletions and severe spermatogenic failure in humans

    Pille Hallast et al.
    In addition to its academic merits, characterizing the genetic determinants of male (in)fertility and identifying clinically actionable genetic variants can lead to improved diagnosis or even treatment of such conditions.

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