86 results found
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    TMAO, a seafood-derived molecule, produces diuresis and reduces mortality in heart failure rats

    Marta Gawrys-Kopczynska et al.
    Trimethylamine-oxide (TMAO), a molecule present in seafood, reduces mortality and exerts beneficial effects on the circulatory system in heart failure rats.
    1. Neuroscience

    High-fat diet enhances starvation-induced hyperactivity via sensitizing hunger-sensing neurons in Drosophila

    Rui Huang et al.
    Fruit flies fed with high-fats diets are hyper-sensitive to a hunger hormone AKH and exhibit enhanced food-seeking behavior when starved.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A helminth-derived suppressor of ST2 blocks allergic responses

    Francesco Vacca et al.
    HpBARI is a protein secreted by a parasitic helminth, which binds to and blocks the IL-33 receptor, suppressing IL-33-dependent type 2 immune responses.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Progenitors oppositely polarize WNT activators and inhibitors to orchestrate tissue development

    Irina Matos et al.
    Progenitors establish a single-cell length WNT morphogen gradient to transmit signals directionally and differentially to neighbors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Rapamycin rejuvenates oral health in aging mice

    Jonathan Y An et al.
    Short-term treatment with rapamycin reverses periodontal bone loss, attenuates inflammation, and remodels the oral microbiome toward a more youthful state.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Caenorhabditis elegans processes sensory information to choose between freeloading and self-defense strategies

    Jodie A Schiffer et al.
    C. elegans nematodes use a sensory-neuronal circuit to determine whether to defend themselves from hydrogen peroxide attack or to freeload off orthologous protective defenses from bacteria in their surrounding environment.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Squamous trans-differentiation of pancreatic cancer cells promotes stromal inflammation

    Tim DD Somerville et al.
    A major consequence of ductal-to-squamous lineage transition in pancreatic cancer cells is to augment inflammation, which may explain the exceptionally poor clinical outcomes of squamous-subtype tumors.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Sex-determining genes distinctly regulate courtship capability and target preference via sexually dimorphic neurons

    Kenichi Ishii et al.
    Sex-specific characteristics of the fruit fly courtship behavior are not specified by a single binary switch, but as a combination of traits that are modularly specified by separable genetic switches.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Layered roles of fruitless isoforms in specification and function of male aggression-promoting neurons in Drosophila

    Margot Wohl et al.
    Male-type aggressive and courtship behaviors of the fruit flies are differentially specified by two sex-determining genes, providing a substrate for the evolution to sculpt these two behaviors independently.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Cooperative enzymatic control of N-acyl amino acids by PM20D1 and FAAH

    Joon T Kim et al.
    Enzymatic division of labor is identified as an enabling biochemical strategy for regulating a family of structurally diverse bioactive lipids.

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