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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Genetic specification of left–right asymmetry in the diaphragm muscles and their motor innervation

    Camille Charoy et al.
    Analysis of embryonic mouse diaphragm reveals muscle and nerve left–right asymmetries set by a Nodal-dependent genetic cascade, which imprints different molecular signatures to left and right motoneurons that shape their innervation pattern.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanism of B-box 2 domain-mediated higher-order assembly of the retroviral restriction factor TRIM5α

    Jonathan M Wagner et al.
    Higher-order assembly enables and links pathogen recognition and downstream steps in the TRIM5-mediated anti-HIV response.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A bacterial immunomodulatory protein with lipocalin-like domains facilitates host–bacteria mutualism in larval zebrafish

    Annah S Rolig et al.
    Discovery of a secreted protein from resident gut bacteria that reduced intestinal innate immune responses which would otherwise simultaneously compromise both bacterial and host survival.
    1. Neuroscience

    Internal states drive nutrient homeostasis by modulating exploration-exploitation trade-off

    Verónica María Corrales-Carvajal et al.
    A quantitative video tracking analysis reveals that to gain the nutrients they need, flies change their decisions to exploit foods with different nutrient contents and explore the environment according to their internal amino acid and reproductive states.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Replication Study: Coadministration of a tumor-penetrating peptide enhances the efficacy of cancer drugs

    Christine Mantis et al.
    Editors' Summary: This Replication Study did not reproduce those experiments in the original paper that it attempted to reproduce.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Extensive alternative splicing transitions during postnatal skeletal muscle development are required for calcium handling functions

    Amy E Brinegar et al.
    Global transcriptome changes, particularly alternative splicing, are highly dynamic the first 2 weeks after birth, and the example of calcineurin A splicing exemplifies the importance of alternative splicing during skeletal muscle development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The E3 ubiquitin ligase TRIM23 regulates adipocyte differentiation via stabilization of the adipogenic activator PPARγ

    Masashi Watanabe et al.
    TRIM23 plays a critical role in the switching from early to late adipogenic enhanceosomes by stabilizing the PPARγ protein.
    1. Neuroscience

    P1 interneurons promote a persistent internal state that enhances inter-male aggression in Drosophila

    Eric D Hoopfer et al.
    A sexually dimorphic circuit node controls a persistent, internal state that promotes fighting and mating in Drosophila, revealing parallels with mammalian systems suggestive of a conserved circuit "motif" controlling social behaviors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Excitatory transmission onto AgRP neurons is regulated by cJun NH2-terminal kinase 3 in response to metabolic stress

    Santiago Vernia et al.
    Metabolic stress-induced activation of the JNK3 protein regulates excitatory transmission onto AgRP neurons to regulate food consumption.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Histone demethylase Lsd1 represses hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell signatures during blood cell maturation

    Marc A Kerenyi et al.
    Lysine-specific demethylase 1 (Lsd1) has an essential role during both the early and later stages of blood cell development.