2,796 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Nuclear receptor Ftz-f1 promotes follicle maturation and ovulation partly via bHLH/PAS transcription factor Sim

    Elizabeth M Knapp et al.
    Genetic analyses illustrate the novel requirement of Ftz-f1 and Sim in adult Drosophila ovaries for regulating follicle cell differentiation and ovulation that is likely conserved in mammals.
    1. Cell Biology

    Chronic optogenetic induction of stress granules is cytotoxic and reveals the evolution of ALS-FTD pathology

    Peipei Zhang et al.
    OptoGranules reveal the function of G3BP1 as a stress granule scaffold and demonstrate that protracted stress granule assembly is sufficient to drive neurodegeneration and the evolution of ALS-FTD pathology.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    RNAP II CTD tyrosine 1 performs diverse functions in vertebrate cells

    Jing-Ping Hsin et al.
    Phosphorylation of tyrosine 1 in the carboxy-terminal domain (CTD) of the largest subunit of RNA Polymerase (RNAP) II functions to stabilize this domain, and facilitates turnover of upstream antisense RNAs.
    1. Cell Biology

    Loss of flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) impairs sperm function and male reproductive advantage in C. elegans

    Chia-An Yen et al.
    Loss of FAD stemming from cell autonomous defects in mitochondrial proline catabolism impairs sperm quality male reproductive advantage in C. elegans.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    RNA-dependent chromatin association of transcription elongation factors and Pol II CTD kinases

    Sofia Battaglia et al.
    In vivo and in vitro elongation factor-RNA interaction data provide a missing link in understanding how processive elongation complexes are formed on active genes and disassembled at the end of genes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A discriminator code–based DTD surveillance ensures faithful glycine delivery for protein biosynthesis in bacteria

    Santosh Kumar Kuncha et al.
    Using bioinformatic and biochemical approaches, the study has explained the discriminator base anomaly in bacterial tRNA(Gly) through identification of the key determinant of DTD specificity.
    1. Cell Biology

    Membrane fluidity is regulated by the C. elegans transmembrane protein FLD-1 and its human homologs TLCD1/2

    Mario Ruiz et al.
    Inhibition of C. elegans FLD-1 or Human TLCD1/2 prevents saturated fat lipotoxicity by allowing increased levels of membrane phospholipids that contain fluidizing long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Promoter nucleosome dynamics regulated by signalling through the CTD code

    Philippe Materne et al.
    Phosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA Polymerase II controls nucleosomes dynamics at specific promoters to regulate transcription.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Fetal and neonatal hematopoietic progenitors are functionally and transcriptionally resistant to Flt3-ITD mutations

    Shaina N Porter et al.
    Age-specific transcriptional responses to Flt3-ITD and cooperating Flt3/Runx1 mutations cause hematopoietic stem cell depletion and myeloid progenitor expansion during adult, but not fetal/neonatal, stages of development.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Tyrosine phosphorylation of RNA polymerase II CTD is associated with antisense promoter transcription and active enhancers in mammalian cells

    Nicolas Descostes et al.
    Genome-wide analysis reveals novel functions for a post-translational modification to the carboxy-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA Polymerase II in mammals.

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