87 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Evolution of cytokine production capacity in ancient and modern European populations

    Jorge Domínguez-Andrés et al.
    Neolithic was a turning point for immune responses in Europeans, favoring tolerance against intracellular pathogens, promoting inflammation against extracellular microbes, and being related to current auto-immune diseases.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuronal timescales are functionally dynamic and shaped by cortical microarchitecture

    Richard Gao et al.
    Invasive electrophysiological recording measures neuronal transmembrane current timescales across human cortex, which lengthens from sensory to association regions, follows variations in ion channel expressions, and alters with behavior and aging.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    Maternally inherited piRNAs direct transient heterochromatin formation at active transposons during early Drosophila embryogenesis

    Martin H Fabry et al.
    Maternally deposited Piwi-piRNA complexes co-transcriptionally repress transposable elements that transiently become active in somatic cells of the developing Drosophila embryo.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Extracellular signal-regulated kinase mediates chromatin rewiring and lineage transformation in lung cancer

    Yusuke Inoue et al.
    Lineage transformation in lung cancer is dictated by ERK activity and requires permissive chromatin alterations in the context of targeted therapy resistance.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Fish primary embryonic pluripotent cells assemble into retinal tissue mirroring in vivo early eye development

    Lucie Zilova et al.
    Fish-derived pluripotent cells instinctively form retinal tissue recapitulating key steps of early eye development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dorsal raphe nucleus to anterior cingulate cortex 5-HTergic neural circuit modulates consolation and sociability

    Laifu Li et al.
    Inhibition of 5-HT neurons in the dorsal raphe nuclei or 5-HT terminals in the anterior cingulate cortex decreased consolation-like behaviors and reduced sociability.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Channel nuclear pore complex subunits are required for transposon silencing in Drosophila

    Marzia Munafò et al.
    By linking export and licensing of a piRNA precursor transcript, channel nuclear pore complex subunits Nup54 and Nup58 are specifically required to silence transposons in the Drosophila ovary.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Psychomotor impairments and therapeutic implications revealed by a mutation associated with infantile Parkinsonism-Dystonia

    Jenny I Aguilar et al.
    A dopamine transporter deficiency syndrome (DTDS)-linked mutation, R445C, underlies dopamine dysfunction and, more broadly, the clinical phenotypes shared by DTDS and Parkinson’s disease.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The genetic landscape for amyloid beta fibril nucleation accurately discriminates familial Alzheimer’s disease mutations

    Mireia Seuma et al.
    A massively parallel analysis of the effects of mutations on amyloid beta nucleation provide the first comprehensive atlas of how mutations alter the formation of amyloid fibrils.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A flagellate-to-amoeboid switch in the closest living relatives of animals

    Thibaut Brunet et al.
    The closest living relatives of animals, the choanoflagellates, switch from a flagellate to an amoeboid phenotype under confinement.

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