4,585 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    SIRT6 regulates Ras-related protein R-Ras2 by lysine defatty-acylation

    Xiaoyu Zhang et al.
    A posttranslational regulatory mechanism for a Ras family small GTPase could open up new directions to understand and control the Ras family of proteins that are important for physiology and diseases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Targeting RAS-driven human cancer cells with antibodies to upregulated and essential cell-surface proteins

    Alexander J Martinko et al.
    Proteomics and functional genomics coupled to an antibody discovery pipeline revealed the influence of oncogenic RAS signaling on the cell-surface proteome and resulted in the discovery of potential therapeutic targets for RAS-driven cancers.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Specific cancer-associated mutations in the switch III region of Ras increase tumorigenicity by nanocluster augmentation

    Maja Šolman et al.
    Rare mutations in the switch III region of Ras can increase its nanoscale clustering, which enhances effector recruitment and downstream signaling.
    1. Plant Biology

    Glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins as chaperones and co-receptors for FERONIA receptor kinase signaling in Arabidopsis

    Chao Li et al.
    FERONIA receptor kinase interacts with phosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins LORELEI and LLG1 to ensure its proper functional location in the cell membrane and engages them as co-receptors on the cell surface to mediate a broad spectrum of growth and signaling processes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of the SAS-6 cartwheel hub from Leishmania major

    Mark van Breugel et al.
    The X-ray structure of the SAS-6 cartwheel hub from Leishmania major demonstrates that SAS-6 can be sufficient to determine centriolar cartwheel symmetry.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The novel SH3 domain protein Dlish/CG10933 mediates fat signaling in Drosophila by binding and regulating Dachs

    Yifei Zhang et al.
    The Fat-regulated scaffolding protein Dlish controls the activity, levels and cortical localization of Warts-inhibiting myosin Dachs by linking Dachs to a critical Dachs regulator, the DHHC palmitoyltransferase Approximated, and to the Fat-mediated regulation of Dachs stability.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Developmental lineage priming in Dictyostelium by heterogeneous Ras activation

    Alex Chattwood et al.
    The probability of a cellular response to a differentiation inducing signal is correlated with the dynamic expression of a Ras protein, and produces a ‘salt and pepper’ pattern of cell differentiation.
    1. Cancer Biology

    BRET-based RAS biosensors that show a novel small molecule is an inhibitor of RAS-effector protein-protein interactions

    Nicolas Bery et al.
    A biosensor resource has been developed to monitor the intracellular interactions of RAS family proteins with effector molecules and the effects of inhibitors as an aid to drug development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    FAK/PYK2 promotes the Wnt/β-catenin pathway and intestinal tumorigenesis by phosphorylating GSK3β

    Chenxi Gao et al.
    Dual FAK/PYK2 kinase inhibition disrupts GSK3β phosphorylation and may present a new treatment for colorectal cancer in patients carrying APC mutations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Striatal fast-spiking interneurons selectively modulate circuit output and are required for habitual behavior

    Justin K O'Hare et al.
    Fast-spiking interneurons of the dorsolateral striatum are found to provide a microcircuit mechanism driving the circuit properties and behavioral adaptations that characterize habit.

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