7,681 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    SIRT1 regulates sphingolipid metabolism and neural differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells through c-Myc-SMPDL3B

    Wei Fan et al.
    SIRT1, a cellular metabolic sensor, transcriptionally promotes sphingomyelin degradation in embryonic stem cells, which in turn modulates their membrane fluidity and neural differentiation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural analysis of autoinhibition in the Ras-specific exchange factor RasGRP1

    Jeffrey S Iwig et al.
    A key activator of Ras signaling adopts an autoinhibited, dimeric conformation that is activated by membrane and calcium binding.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    High temperature sensitivity is intrinsic to voltage-gated potassium channels

    Fan Yang, Jie Zheng
    Highly temperature-sensitive behavior of voltage-gated potassium channels provides a mechanistic model for how heat-activated TRP channels serve as temperature and pain sensors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Frontal eye field and caudate neurons make different contributions to reward-biased perceptual decisions

    Yunshu Fan et al.
    In monkeys making decisions that balance noisy evidence and reward expectation, frontal cortical and caudate activity reflect different computational components that are related to the monkeys' strategy.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Cis-regulatory variants affect gene expression dynamics in yeast

    Ching-Hua Shih, Justin Fay
    Allele differences in gene expression dynamics are associated with insertions and deletions and are caused in part by multiple variants within the same promoter region.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    TWIST1 and chromatin regulatory proteins interact to guide neural crest cell differentiation

    Xiaochen Fan et al.
    Network propagation connects TWIST1 with epigenetic regulators CHD7, CHD8, and WHSC1, which collectively promote the bias toward neural crest while suppressing neural stem cell programmes, and subsequently enhance ectomesenchyme potential.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    The bottom-up and top-down processing of faces in the human occipitotemporal cortex

    Xiaoxu Fan et al.
    Both bottom-up and top-down processing are involved in the occipital-temporal face network, with the top-down modulation more extensively engaged when available information is sparse in the face images.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ongoing, rational calibration of reward-driven perceptual biases

    Yunshu Fan et al.
    The rational application of heuristic learning strategies and satisficing goals accounted for near-optimal decisions that combined reward and noisy visual information by well-trained monkeys.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    FAK/PYK2 promotes the Wnt/β-catenin pathway and intestinal tumorigenesis by phosphorylating GSK3β

    Chenxi Gao et al.
    Dual FAK/PYK2 kinase inhibition disrupts GSK3β phosphorylation and may present a new treatment for colorectal cancer in patients carrying APC mutations.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of the SAS-6 cartwheel hub from Leishmania major

    Mark van Breugel et al.
    The X-ray structure of the SAS-6 cartwheel hub from Leishmania major demonstrates that SAS-6 can be sufficient to determine centriolar cartwheel symmetry.

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